In and metaphors, he instilled the idea that all

In the poem, “The Guest House”, Mewlana Jalaluddin Rumi, reveals that the all of the human experience is valuable through his use of metaphors and personification. His first use of figurative language is in the first stanza. Rumi uses a metaphor to describe the human mind relating to emotions. Rumi writes, “This being human is a guest house / Every morning a new arrival.” (1 – 2). Rumi equates humans to guest houses, with emotions, which he equates to guests. The emotions Rumi is describing are constantly coming and going. None of these emotions should be discounted as avoidable because all emotions are valid and important. Rumi describes each new emotion as a step closer to complete emotional awareness. This connects back to the author’s purpose seamlessly, as all emotions experienced and embraced lead to a more valuable life lived. The second use of figurative language appears in the fourth stanza. In this stanza, Rumi uses personification to give human characteristics to emotions experienced by humans. He writes, “The dark thought, the shame, the malice, / meet them at the door laughing, / and invite them in.” (13 – 15). Rumi means that all emotions should be treated equally, even negative ones. Although it is not explicitly said, Rumi is implying that suppressed emotions will come back in increased and malicious forms. Once each emotion is recognized, it can go on its way, just like a guest in a guest house. In the last stanza, Rumi further personifies the emotions by writing, “Be grateful for whoever comes,” (16). This line is a closing to the poem, meaning all emotions should be recognized as equal. Therefore, connecting back to the author’s purpose, that all of the human experience, especially that felt through emotions, is valuable. Rumi’s main uses of figurative language create a clear path to his purpose for writing the poem. Through personification and metaphors, he instilled the idea that all emotions are valid into readers minds.