If we review the history ofPhilosophy, we will see that there is no branch of philosophy where there is nolight of discussion of knowledge related problems. In both Oriental and Westernissues, knowledge related problems have been discussed, and efforts to solvethat problem have been presented in different ways. Kant’s famous book’Critique of Pure Reason’ is a unique book about epistemology. In this book, hediscusses how the knowledge originated, how his personality, the material, thebelief or the origin of the concept are discussed. He called them problemsrelated to knowledge. Demonstrating the problem of Kant’s knowledge and hisattempt to solve the fundamentality’s in modern Western philosophy. But nophilosopher can ignore his immediate past philosophers. His fundamentality isbased on his contemporaneous or immediate preconceived thinking, he expresseshimself.
We also look at the same subject for Kant. There is no doubt about thefact that he started a new thought in the philosophical world, but thefundamental of his philosophy is that the gift of his philosophers to theforegoing is undeniable. We get the identity of the two preceding Kant, that isempiricism and rationalism.
According to the Rationalism, the reason is thesource of all our knowledge and Empiricists believe that the source of ourknowledge is the sensory experience. Kant noticed that the dispute overempiricism and intellectualism has not been finalized. The question arises inKant’s mind that our knowledge is only available from the experience Whether ornot It is obtained from Reason. They were more inclined to support thepropagated doctrine of their own philosophy community than to the correctanswer. As a result, there was no coordination between two philosophicaldoctrines. Before Kant, the influence of rational philosopher Leibnitz inGermany was high.
Leibnitz and his disciple Wolff, the majority of the texts inwhich Philosophical texts were given in the various Universities of that time. Leibniz was the founder of the fundamental thoughtand Woolf was the only commentator. Initially, there were supporters of Leibnitzand Wolf. According to Leibniz, we cannot get the knowledge that we get throughintelligence, in the sense of senses.