Identify and describe a populationof interest to you.
Knowledgeof Preventive Breast Cancer Screening in Low-income WomenAccording to the National Breast CancerFoundation(NBCF), breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women,the second leading cause of death among women in the world and one in eightwomen will be diagnosed with cancer in their life time, (2012). However, breastcancer deaths are preventable when detected early and treated. Although deathfrom breast cancer has been declining since the 1990s due to increase inknowledge, screening, early detection and improved treatment, it has not beenthe case in low income women, (NBCF, 2012). My focus is on mammography as themost effective preventive cancer screening tool, since “Regular mammography is the best tool availableto detect breast cancer in its earliest stages, availing opportunities foreffective life-saving treatment,” (American Cancer Society, 2011).Studieshave demonstrated that there exists an inaccurate knowledge of breast cancerscreening among low income women around the world which leads to low screeningand consequently high breast cancer death among low income women in the world.
A study done in Kenyashowed that rural and urban low-income women said that they saw no reason tohave one’s breasts checked if they appeared healthy and were not painful. Andwhile most of the urban middle-income women were able to describe early detectionmeasures such as self-breast exam, clinical breast exam, mammography in detailand even had experienced them, most urban low-income and rural women had heardvague knowledge that such things existed, (Muthoni & Miller, 2009). Anotherstudy conducted among low income Hispanics, native Americans and Caucasians inWyoming showed that they had a poor knowledge regarding breast cancer screening and believed that the absence of a familyhistory of breast cancer implied a low risk for breast cancer, therefore, noneed to get a mammogram. Some of the women