I like the gods, logics, ethics and many more.

I was very eager to take philosophy this semester. Philosophy is something we use in our everyday life one way or the other, so I was extremely excited to learn about it.  I knew we were going to talk about topics like the gods, logics, ethics and many more. Over the course of unit one, we have learned about some pretty interesting topics. Out of all the topics, the one that stood out the most was The Euthyphro.  The Euthyphro is a dialogue between two friends written by Plato. We come across the two main characters, Socrates and Euthyphro debating over what piety is. Euthyphro claims that when it comes to religion and holiness he knows more about it than his father. The question that ponders throughout the text is, what exactly makes something pious and impious. Socrates asked Euthyphro “what is piety?” Euthyphro answers the question stating “piety is doing what I am doing…” He further explains that it is the idea that we punish murders, the sacrilegious and similar crime and cases. According to Euthyphro, that was the complete form of definition but on the other hand, Socrates disagrees with Euthyphro’s claim. He rejects Euthyphro claim because it is too narrow. He believes that it is more of an example, rather than a definition. Socrates then challenges Euthyphro to go for another try in defining piety, and this time offer a more clear definition instead of offering an example. Euthyphro accepted his challenge and in return offers a second definition. The second definition Euthyphro gives of piety goes as follows, “Piety is that which is dear to the gods (honor them).” Socrates acknowledges that the second definition was not as narrow as the first definition, but he still was not  satisfied. Socrates wants to know what do the gods like and do they agree? Euthyphro tries explaining the definition for a third time stating “what is loved by the gods is pious, what is hated by the gods is impious” causing Socrates to point out Euthyphro’s dilemma of circular definition. Euthyphro was asked, “Is it pious because it is loved by the gods or is it loved by the gods because it is pious? In other words is the idea of mortality only determined by the gods or some kind of divine authority?  At this point Socrates feels that Euthyphro is contradicting himself. Socrates decides to take a stab at the definition of piety. He suggests that piety could come from justice. He wants piety to be based on internal factor rather than contingent factor. After much debate and back and forth, piety is still undefined. For the fourth and final definition, Euthyphro tries again to define piety. He says “Piety is a form of justice,” meaning that we look after the gods by looking out for one another. It is a part of sacrifice and prayer.I love this dialogue because in order to gain more knowledge or understand something you have to ask questions and challenge those questions