Hussain et al.
(2004) Studied gender role in raising livestock in Azad Kashmir and Kotli.
Objective of the study was to find out the impacts of livestock training on
livestock productivity in study area. For data collection random sample
approach was used. An interview of 200 respondents was directed from 3 villages
of kotli. To analyze data percentages were used. Results from analysis showed
that people of kotli mainly depend upon livestock. Most of the respondents kept
sheep, goat, buffalo and cow. Study reveals that 100 % respondents were taking
advantages from the training course by NRSP.From results of case study it was
suggested that self-employment can be increased by free availability of
guidance and training courses.
Javed et al. (2006) reported rural women participation in livestock and crop production.
A large number of pre and post-harvest and livestock management activities are
performed by rural women but they are not still appreciated because of lack of
data that show their importance in such activities. The objective of this case study
was to explore the importance of rural women participation in livestock and
crop production activities. An interview of 125 rural women was conducted for
data collection from district Faisalabad by using random sample technique. To
analyze data SPSS was used. Results from case study depicts that contribution
of rural women in harvesting of vegetables was high. In post-harvest women role
is high in cereal’s storage and in livestock managing women participation is
high to clean animals shed.
et al. (2009) reported analysis of
women contribution in livestock in Nigeria. Objective of this study was to find
out women contribution in livestock activities. Data was collected by random
sample technique from 90 rural women. To analyze data multiple regression
analysis, descriptive statistics and participation index were used. Results
shows that women were involving in animals feeding, watering and cleaning of
cages. While multiple regression analysis shows that income, education, access
to credit are those factors that affect women’s contribution in livestock
activities. Poultry and goats are mostly kept by women. Results also revealed
the problems that are faced by women in this field and the problems are
non-availability of significant capital, pre-occupation and dominance of their
spouses. It was suggested that women must offer with necessary working out and
education related to livestock and to microfinance banks to increase livestock efficiency.
Amin et al. (2010) studied gender and development. The purpose of this case study was
to estimate women contribution in livestock production in Pakistan. For data collection 8 villages were selected
by random sampling. A sample size of 768 respondents were used to analyze the
results of study. Frequencies and variances were obtained from data. Results
shows that most of the rural families were having joint family system i.e.
70.6%.And results were also showing that most of the livestock activities were
performed by females approximately 37.5% and less were performed by males about
Upadhyay and Desai (2011) reported women contribution in animal husbandry. Mostly animal
husbandry relating activities are performed by females in addition to their
tasks at home. While their work is not given an economic importance and they
are left as un- paid labor. Objective of this case study is to emphasize
female’s contribution in livestock activities. Study was directed in Anand
district of Gujarat. 120 farm women were interviewed by simple random sampling
technique for data collection. For data analysis different statistical methods
such as percentage, mean score, standard deviation and coefficient of Karl
Pearson’s were used. Results of case study indicates that women have
independent decisions relating to fodder management and milking activities.
While decisions relating to economic activities are taken jointly with male
et al. (2011) studied women’s contribution in dairy farming. Random sampling
process was used for data collection from 120 women farmers. Study was
conducted in district Karnataka. To analyze data statistical tools such as frequency,
percentage and average were used. Outcomes revealed that most of the respondents
belong to poor families. Women show significant contribution to care of pregnant
animals. Results also indicates that 90 % females were involving in milking
process of animals and 89.16% females were contributing in care of baby animal.
Results also express that most of the females were involving in non-financial
activities. It was recommended that it is essential to instruct the females to
increase livestock productivity.
et al. (2013) Reported contribution
of women in livestock activities .Objective of study was to examine women contribution
in various activities of livestock .For data collection 120 respondents were
interviewed by random sampling. Survey was directed in tehsil Jhang. SPSS was
used to analyze data. Results were showing that most of activities such as preparation
of dung cakes, fuel collection, care of unhealthy animals and shed cleaning are
performed by women.
et al. (2013) described training need assessment of rural women to manage the
livestock. Purpose of survey was to evaluate training need for rural women of
district Bahawalpur. For data collection 125 respondents were randomly interviewed
from different villages. SPSS was used to analyze data. Results exposed that female
farmers of study area were fewer educated and greater than half (53.6%) of them
were uneducated. Results also showed that male head of house was the only source
of information for women. It was recommended from outcomes that short time
training courses to manage livestock should be presented to teach rural women.
et al. (2014) investigated rural improvement through women participation in
livestock care. Objective of case study was to find out limits and positions of
rural women in livestock management and their contribution in development
process in Faisalabad. Random sampling technique was used for data
collection.120 respondents were interviewed randomly for data collection from
villages of district Faisalabad.SPSS was used to find out results .Results were
presenting that mostly women are illiterate, having little family income less
than 2 lac annually. Mostly female farmers were living in joint family system. Results
indicated that education of women and family earnings was correlated to contribution
level .women contribution in livestock actions generate family income and
and Amsalu (2014) examined
contribution of rural women in household and livestock activities. Purpose of
the survey was to examine the participation of women involvements to manage
livestock and their role in decision making of household events. A sample size
of 90 respondents was taken by random sampling. To analyze data descriptive
statistics and correlation analysis was made. Results were showing that mostly
livestock and household activities are performed by women but they are not assumed
to give enough freedom in decision relating to their homes. It was recommended
from study that extreme attention should be given to female farmers to construct
their capacities in decision making process.
et al. (2014) examined rural women contribution in dairy farm activities. Female’s
effort actively from dawn to dusk in livestock activities and also at domestic
level. Their level of participation is differ in different areas. Survey was directed
to examine the role of women in dairy farm related activities and to discover
the factors that affect their contribution in such actions. Jhelum and Bhakkar
were selected to conduct this survey. A sample of 194 respondents was selected
randomly for data collection. Data was evaluated by using SPSS.Results illustrates
that women involvement in dairy activities was greater in district Bhakkar.
Results also recommends that to increase livestock efficiency extension
services must be provided to improve women expertise relating to this field.