50 YEARS OF GLORY AND DEVELOPMENT
DEEPAK KUMAR ADHANA
Research Scholar, Institute of Mgt.
Studies & Research, M.D. University, Rohtak (INDIA)
Assistant Professor, J.S. (PG)
College, Sikandrabad, Bulandshahr (INDIA)
Haryana, a small but
dynamic state of North India, completed 50 years of statehood in 2016. Haryana
was created on November 1, 1966 after bifurcating Punjab. The past half-century
has been marked by sustained and significant growth in all fields. Both public
and private sectors have worked really hard to transform Haryana from a
little-known dusty state to one of the engines of growth of the country. In
fact Haryana has moved way ahead of its neighbour in many sectors including industrialization,
corporate investments, urbanization and agriculture.
domestic product was then about half of Punjab. Fifty years on, Haryana’s SDP,
at 4 trillion rupees, is 20% more than Punjab, even though the latter is bigger
in size and more populous. Its per capita income is now one and half times that
of Punjab. With 81% of its income sourced from industry and services, Haryana’s
is a more modern economy than its parent state.
The present paper is focused
on the glory and development of Haryana in last 50 years in the field of
Medical, Education, Industrialization, Agriculture, Housing, Tourism and
WORDS: GSDP, NSDP, FDI
Haryana is one of the 29
states in India, situated in North India. It was carved out of the former
state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on
a linguistic basis. It
stands 21st in terms of its area, which is spread about
44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi). As of 2011 census
of India, the state is 18th largest by
population with 25,353,081 inhabitants. The city
of Chandigarh is its capital while the National Capital Region
(NCR) city of Faridabad is the most populous city of the state.
Haryana is one of the wealthiest
states of India and has the 3rd highest per capita income in
the country at 119,158 (US$1,900) in the year 2012–13
and 132,089 (US$2,100) in the year 2013–14, The state is one of the
most economically developed regions in South Asia, and its agricultural and
manufacturing industries have experienced sustained growth since the 1970s.
Since 2000, the state has emerged as the largest recipient of investment
per capita in India
II. OBJECTIVES AND METHODOLOGY:
The objectives and the
research methodology are as follows:
OBJECTIVES OF STUDY:
The study has been geared to achieve the following
the trends of economic snapshot of Haryana in terms of GSDP & NSDP
To highlight the scenario of
Foreign Direct Investment in
To analyse the trends of major areas
that has shape the development of Haryana
Type of Research: Quantitative and
Data: Data from year 1966-67 to 2016-17
Data Collection Method: This study has been
carried out with the help of secondary data only, all the data has been
collected from the various sources such as websites & reports and compiled
as said by the need of the study.
50 Years of Glory and Development:
6212 Village Panchayats
state is divided into six divisions for administrative purposes:
Ambala, Rohtak, Gurugram, Hisar, Karnal, Faridabad Within
these there are 22 districts, 72 sub-divisions, 93 tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils and
140 blocks. Haryana has a total of 154 cities and towns and 6,841 villages,
villages’ panchayats 6212.
Ambala, Kurukshetra, Panchkula, Yamuna
Faridabad, Palwal, Nuh
Gurugram, Mahendragarh, Rewari
Fatehabad, Jind, Hisar, Sirsa
Jhajjar, Charkhi Dadri, Rohtak, Sonipat, Bhiwani
Karnal, Panipat, Kaithal
Area and Population
Area in km2
Population in Lakh
Male in Lakh
Female in Lakh
Density in Km2
Decade Growth rate in %
Literacy in %
Per Capita Income
Constant Rate in Rs.
(taking 1960-61 base
(taking 2011-12 base
Present Rate in Rs.
ECONOMIC SNAPSHOT OF HARYANA:
Between 2004-05 and 2015-16, the state’s gross state
domestic product (GSDP) expanded at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of
12.12 per cent to US$ 75.3 billion. GSDP was US$ 81.4 billion in 2016-17. The net
state domestic product (NSDP) expanded at a CAGR of 11.75 per cent to US$ 71.6
billion between 2004-05 and 2015-16.
Snapshot: GSDP of Haryana
gross state domestic product (GSDP) was US$ 81.4 billion over 2016-17.
Source: Directorate of Economics and Statistics of Haryana, Central Statistics
Snapshot: NSDP of Haryana
net state domestic product (NSDP) was US$ 71.6 billion over 2015-16.
Source: Directorate of Economics and Statistics of Haryana, Central Statistics
V. FOREIGN DIRECT
INVESTMENT IN HARYANA:
state government of Haryana has been committed to creating a progressive
business environment. The state offers a wide range of fiscal and policy
incentives for businesses under the Industrial and Investment Policy. The state
has attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows worth US$ 62.15
billion during the period April 2000 to March 2016, according to data released
by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
VI. A. AGRICULTURE
(in lakh tonnes)
of Tractors (in Lakh)
B. DAIRY DEVELOPMENT
capita daily milk consumption (in grams)
production capacity of milk plant
C. LIVESTOCK BREEDING
veterinary Hospital & Poly clinic
bank or Production centre
land development bank
Cooperative marketing society
VII. A. MEDICAL
of Medical Institutes
(Central, private, deemed, health, defence and others)
C. TECHNICAL EDUCATION
& CT Colleges
D. INDUSTRIAL TRAINING
& Community Centre
Yunani & Homeopathic
and Medicine Facility
of Bed in Hospitals
IX. A. INDUSTRY
Micro and Mini industries
& Large scale
are 21 tourism hubs created by Haryana Tourism Corporation Limited, which
are locatedin Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Panchkula, Sirsa, Sonipat, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Yamunanagar, Pinjore
Morni Hills, Palwal and Mahendergarh
of Tourism centre
of tourist arrived in a year (Lakh)
Capacity in Megawatt
Electricity availability in Lakh units
cover area in Km2
Plantation in a year in lakh
X. A. HOUSING
for low income and Backward group
Covered Distance in Lakh KM
Passengers in Lakh
of Roads in Km
Metro connects the national capital Delhi with parts of Haryana state
within NCR, including Bahadurgarh, Faridabad and with Rapid MetroRail
Gurgaon. Faridabad has the longest metro network in the NCR Region consisting
of 9 stations and track length being 14 km. The proposed Chandigarh
Metro plan envisages connecting Panchkula to the state capital.
irrigated by canal in Lakh Hectare
Well and pumping set in lakh
F. DRINKING WATER
connected with the facility
water supply scheme
has always been at the foremost in sports achievement in the past decade. From
the Indian contingent of 81 athletes at the 2012 London Olympics, 18 hailed from Haryana including all the top
boxers and wrestlers, despite the fact that the state has
a share of only about 2% of the national population. In the 2010 Commonwealth Games, Haryana contributed no less than 22 of the 38 gold medals that
India won (an astounding 60% share).
once dubbed a poor cousin of Punjab, has surged ahead of the parent state on
key economic parameters such as average growth rate, per capita income,
industrial boom, fiscal buoyancy, foreign direct investment and even sports. Haryana
has transformed itself from a state only known for its agriculture production
to a state known for well-rounded development.
than above explained development indicator, the state’s achievements have been
remarkable. The plan outlay of Haryana was only Rs. 26 crore at the time of
reorganization of Punjab in 1966, the plan outlay of Punjab stood at Rs. 44
crore. In 2015-16, the plan outlays of Haryana and Punjab stand at Rs. 24,871
crore and Rs 21,174 crore. Gross domestic product (GDP) of Haryana has
increased from Rs. 332 crore in 1966 to Rs. 3.96 lakh crore, and that of Punjab
rose from Rs. 570.69 crore in 1966 to Rs. 3.31 lakh crore in 2015-16.
Similarly, the per capita income of Haryana is Rs. 1.32 lakh per person and
that of Punjab is Rs. 1.01 lakh per person.
the end it can be said that the state’s growth and development trajectory has
been progressive since its formation as an independent state. It has set the
example for planned economic development and has emerged as one of the leading
Indian states in terms of per capita income.
Handa, Devendra (2006). Sculptures from
Haryana: Iconography and style. Indian Institute of Advanced Study.
p. 286. ISBN 81-7305-307-3. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
Journal of Haryana Studies. Kurukshetra:
Kurukshetra University. 2008. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
Harvey, Bill; Harvey, William; Devasar, Nikhil;
Grewal, Bikram; Oriental Bird Club (2006). Atlas of the birds of Delhi and
Haryana, Rupa & Co. p. 352. ISBN 81-291-0954-9. Retrieved July