Happiness.It is not measurable, profitable, nor tradable. Yet, above all else in theworld, it is what people seek. It is something that everyone craves for butvery few are able to attain it. As such, the real question is, “Where does realhappiness come from?” In the articles “The Secret to Deeper Happiness IsSimpler Than You Might Think” (Graves, G., 2017) and “Happiness Is OtherPeople” (Whippman, R., 2017), two different viewpoints are expressed toward thesearch for happiness.
After conducting critical analysis, Graves, with a standof reflecting and focusing on oneself, provides a more persuasive case for theaudience than Whippman. Although Whippman has provided reasons for experiencinghappiness through interaction with others, for Graves, apart from providingspecific measures for those who are seeking happiness to find happiness fromwithin, she strengthens her arguments with robust reasonings and the threeartistic proofs (Ethos, pathos and, logos). She supports her claims withcredible sources and substantial statistical figures, which makes her articlemore reliable. Firstly,both authors use pathos and anecdotes to persuade the audience by appealing totheir emotions, but Grave makes more effective use of pathos than Whippman.Graves states, “And you just scored reservations at the hottest restaurant intown to celebrate. You’re ecstatic, right? Of course, you are!” (para.
1) “Butwill this make you happier? Sure, but only temporarily (sigh).” (para. 1), she further added. By using the word ‘you’constantly throughout the article, Grave is making the audience feel what shewants them to feel. She wants to invoke sympathy and draw pity from them.
Graveprovides a personal connection with the audience by placing herself in theirshoes. Whereas Whippman merely states, “I would snarl bitterly upon realizingthe truth, unable to shake the feeling of that, without friends or community, Ireally wasn’t.” (para. 2). The first person point of view is used in Whippman’sarticle. For those seeking happiness, they can only experience the storythrough Whippman’s eyes. Hence, they will not know much about the events.
Assuch, Graves appealed better using emotions which provide a more enthrallingargument.Secondly,the arguments are well supported in each paragraph of Grave’s article. Gravestrengthens her arguments with credible sources. For instance, statements madeby “life coach and sociologist Martha Beck” (para. 1), “Susan David, Ph.D.”(para. 2) and “Robert Lustig, MD” (para.
4) show a greater appeal to ethics –depending on credibility and expertise. Unlike Whippman’s article, makingclaims just “according to research” (para. 14), and through “studies” (para.
12). This shows that Whippman’s research is vague as she did not specify where shegot her data from. This creates doubt and discrepancies for those seekinghappiness. Moreover, Whippman states, “Because far from confirming ourinsistence that “happiness comes from within,” a wide body of research tells usalmost the exact opposite.
” (para. 11), the word ‘almost’ shows that there arepeople who still concede that happiness comes from within, and it is not alwaysdependent on others. Therefore, Grave reinforces most of her assertations withcredible evidence, which increases the article’s overall trustworthiness. Therefore, it is instinctual forthe audience to respond to the persuasive message based not on the content buton their perception of the author.
Lastly,Grave better supports her arguments with effective use of statistical evidenceas compared to Whippman. Whippman argues that if one is given a choice betweenmeditating and sitting in a bar with friends, one “should probably seriouslyconsider going to the bar” (para. 16). However, she did not support her claimwith substantial reasons or statistical evidence.
On the contrary, Grave use facts to persuade the audienceby quoting statistics from a study conducted by Michigan State University aboutmeditation- showing how the “20-minuteguided session” (para.8) benefits the audience. Grave bolsters her argument bymentioning how meditation novices were “better at taming their negativeemotions” (para.
8). This allows the audience to be aware of the proven results,hence making Grave’s article more credible and reliable. Therefore, if theaudience were to choose between going to the bar or meditating, they will no doubtbe persuaded by Graves, and choose the latter.Inconclusion, Grave has presented a more persuasive case using the three artisticproofs to convince the audience to search happiness from within. Grave’s cogentreasoning, ample evidence, and credible sources made her article more persuasive,and these are relatively lacking in Whippman’s article. Therefore, the audience will be more likely to beprevailed upon focusing on oneself in search of happiness.DWJj1