Happiness. happiness through interaction with others, for Graves, apart

Happiness.
It is not measurable, profitable, nor tradable. Yet, above all else in the
world, it is what people seek. It is something that everyone craves for but
very few are able to attain it. As such, the real question is, “Where does real
happiness come from?” In the articles “The Secret to Deeper Happiness Is
Simpler Than You Might Think” (Graves, G., 2017) and “Happiness Is Other
People” (Whippman, R., 2017), two different viewpoints are expressed toward the
search for happiness. After conducting critical analysis, Graves, with a stand
of reflecting and focusing on oneself, provides a more persuasive case for the
audience than Whippman. Although Whippman has provided reasons for experiencing
happiness through interaction with others, for Graves, apart from providing
specific measures for those who are seeking happiness to find happiness from
within, she strengthens her arguments with robust reasonings and the three
artistic proofs (Ethos, pathos and, logos). She supports her claims with
credible sources and substantial statistical figures, which makes her article
more reliable.

Firstly,
both authors use pathos and anecdotes to persuade the audience by appealing to
their emotions, but Grave makes more effective use of pathos than Whippman.
Graves states, “And you just scored reservations at the hottest restaurant in
town to celebrate. You’re ecstatic, right? Of course, you are!” (para. 1) “But
will this make you happier? Sure, but only temporarily (sigh).” (para. 1), she further added. By using the word ‘you’
constantly throughout the article, Grave is making the audience feel what she
wants them to feel. She wants to invoke sympathy and draw pity from them. Grave
provides a personal connection with the audience by placing herself in their
shoes. Whereas Whippman merely states, “I would snarl bitterly upon realizing
the truth, unable to shake the feeling of that, without friends or community, I
really wasn’t.” (para. 2). The first person point of view is used in Whippman’s
article. For those seeking happiness, they can only experience the story
through Whippman’s eyes. Hence, they will not know much about the events. As
such, Graves appealed better using emotions which provide a more enthralling
argument.

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Secondly,
the arguments are well supported in each paragraph of Grave’s article. Grave
strengthens her arguments with credible sources. For instance, statements made
by “life coach and sociologist Martha Beck” (para. 1), “Susan David, Ph.D.”
(para. 2) and “Robert Lustig, MD” (para. 4) show a greater appeal to ethics –
depending on credibility and expertise. Unlike Whippman’s article, making
claims just “according to research” (para. 14), and through “studies” (para.
12). This shows that Whippman’s research is vague as she did not specify where she
got her data from. This creates doubt and discrepancies for those seeking
happiness. Moreover, Whippman states, “Because far from confirming our
insistence that “happiness comes from within,” a wide body of research tells us
almost the exact opposite.” (para. 11), the word ‘almost’ shows that there are
people who still concede that happiness comes from within, and it is not always
dependent on others. Therefore, Grave reinforces most of her assertations with
credible evidence, which increases the article’s overall trustworthiness. Therefore, it is instinctual for
the audience to respond to the persuasive message based not on the content but
on their perception of the author.

Lastly,
Grave better supports her arguments with effective use of statistical evidence
as compared to Whippman. Whippman argues that if one is given a choice between
meditating and sitting in a bar with friends, one “should probably seriously
consider going to the bar” (para. 16). However, she did not support her claim
with substantial reasons or statistical evidence. On the contrary, Grave use facts to persuade the audience
by quoting statistics from a study conducted by Michigan State University about
meditation-  showing how the “20-minute
guided session” (para.8) benefits the audience. Grave bolsters her argument by
mentioning how meditation novices were “better at taming their negative
emotions” (para. 8). This allows the audience to be aware of the proven results,
hence making Grave’s article more credible and reliable. Therefore, if the
audience were to choose between going to the bar or meditating, they will no doubt
be persuaded by Graves, and choose the latter.

In
conclusion, Grave has presented a more persuasive case using the three artistic
proofs to convince the audience to search happiness from within. Grave’s cogent
reasoning, ample evidence, and credible sources made her article more persuasive,
and these are relatively lacking in Whippman’s article. Therefore, the audience will be more likely to be
prevailed upon focusing on oneself in search of happiness.DWJj1