Further India. Studies have estimated that the number of

Further
information: Soil pollution § Health effects, Toxic
hotspots, and List of
pollution-related diseases

Adverse air
quality can kill many
organisms including humans. Ozone pollution can cause respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease,throat inflammation,
chest pain, and congestion. Water pollution causes approximately 14,000
deaths per day, mostly due to contamination
of drinking water by
untreated sewage in
developing countries. An estimated 500 million Indians have no access to a proper toilet, Over
ten million people in India fell ill with waterborne illnesses in 2013, and
1,535 people died, most of them children. Nearly 500 million Chinese lack
access to safe drinking water. A 2010 analysis estimated that 1.2 million
people died prematurely each year in China because of air pollution. The WHO estimated in 2007 that air pollution
causes half a million deaths per year in India. Studies have estimated
that the number of people killed annually in the United States could be over
50,000.

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Oil spills can cause skin irritations and rashes. Noise pollution induces hearing
loss, high blood pressure. causes half a million deaths per year in India. Studies
have estimated that the number of people killed annually in the United States
could be over 50,000.

Oil spills can cause skin irritations and rashes. Noise pollution induces hearing
loss, high blood pressure,stress,
and sleep disturbance. Mercury has been linked to developmental deficits in children and neurologic symptoms. Older people are majorly exposed to diseases induced by air pollution. Those with heart or lung disorders are at
additional risk. Children and infants are also at serious risk. Lead and other  heavy
metal shave been shown to
cause neurological problems. Chemical and radioactive substances can cause cancer and as well as birth defects.

An October 2017 study by the Lancet Commission
on Pollution and Health found that global pollution, specifically toxic air,
water, soils and workplaces, kill nine million people annually, which is triple
the number of deaths caused by AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria combined, and 15
times higher than deaths caused by wars and other forms of human
violence. The study concluded that “pollution is one of the great
existential challenges of the Anthropocene era. Pollution endangers the stability
of the Earth’s support systems and threatens the continuing survival of human
societies.

Pollution control

. Pollution control is a term used in environmental
management. It means the control
of emissions and effluents into air, water or soil. Without pollution control,
the waste products from overconsumption, heating, agriculture, mining, manufacturing,
transportation and other human activities, whether they accumulate or disperse,
will degrade the environment. In the hierarchy of controls, pollution prevention and waste minimization are more desirable than pollution control. In the field of land development, low impact development is a similar technique for the prevention of city runoff.

Practices

·        
Recycling

·        
Reusing

·        
Waste minimisation

·        
Mitigating

·        
Preventing

·        
Compost            

 

Pollution control devices:

·        
Air
pollution controls

·        
Thermal
oxidizers

·        
Dust
collection systems

·        
Baghouses

·        
Cyclones

·        
Electrostatic precipitators                  

                                       References

1.  
Jump
up^ “Pollution
– Definition from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary”. Merriam-webster.com. 2010-08-13.
Retrieved 2010-08-26. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1600377. ISSN 2375-2548. PMC 4928945?

. PMID 27386582.

2.  
Jump
up^ Concerns about MTBE from U.S. EPA website

3.  
Jump
up^ The staggering
economic cost of air pollution By Chelsea Harvey, Washington Post, January
29, 2016

4.  
Jump
up^ Freshwater
Pollution Costs US At Least $4.3 Billion A Year, Science Daily, November 17, 2008

5.  
Jump
up^ The human cost of China’s untold soil
pollution problem, The Guardian,
Monday 30 June 2014 11.53 EDT

 “Indian
Pediatrics”. Retrieved May 1, 2008.
Jump up^ “UNICEF ROSA –
Young child survival and development – Water and Sanitation”. Retrieved11 November 2011.
Jump up^ Isalkar, Umesh (29 July 2014). “Over 1,500
lives lost to diarrhoea in 2013, delay in treatment blamed”. The Times of
India. Indiatimes. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
Jump up^ “As China Roars,
Pollution Reaches Deadly Extremes”.
The New York Times. August 26, 2007.
Jump up^ Wong, Edward (1 April 2013). “Air Pollution
Linked to 1.2 Million Deaths in China”.Nytimes.com. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
Jump up^ Chinese Air
Pollution Deadliest in World, Report Says.
National Geographic News. July 9, 2007.
Jump up^ David, Michael, and Caroline. “Air Pollution
– Effects”. Library.thinkquest.org. Retrieved2010-08-26.
Jump up^ Stanglin, Doug (October 20,
2017). “Global
pollution is the world’s biggest killer and a threat to survival of
mankind, study finds”. USA Today. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
 American Petroleum Institute (API) (February 1990). Management of
Water Discharges: Design and Operations of Oil-Water Separators (1st ed.).
American Petroleum Institute.
 Beychok, Milton
R. (1967). Aqueous Wastes from
Petroleum and Petrochemical Plants (1st ed.). John
Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-07189-7. LCCN 67019834.
^ Jump up to:a b Carrington, Damian (October 20,
2017). “Global
pollution kills 9m a year and threatens ‘survival of human
societies'”. The Guardian. Retrieved October 20, 2017.

17. Chemical pollution pdf by Dr.Vijaya Menon.