Frank Lincoln Wrightor Frank Lloyd Wright was born on 8th of June, 1867 at Richland Center,Wisconsin, U.S.A and died on 9th of April 1959 at Phoenix, Arizona. He was mostcreative genius architect and writer in American. He created basic 20th centuryfor housing layout in American called “Prairie Style”. Anna Lloyd-Jones wasFrank’s mother; she was a school teacher and got married to William C.
Wrightwhen she was 24 years old while William was 41 years old. In 1869, Frank’sfamily moved to Lowa then lived in Rhode Island and moved back to his motherhometown in Wisconsin before he moved to Weymouth in Massachusetts. He got intoengineering major at the University of Wisconsin in Madison as a specialstudent for a short moment in 1885-86, but there weren’t have architecturecourse. In order to help with family incomes and expenses, he has to work fordean engineering, but he didn’t like the environment where it has commonplacearchitecture around him. As a young man, he wished to go to Chicago, where ithad new style building structure. In 1887 he found ajob with J.L Silsbee in Chicago, where he got a chance to do architecturedetailing, and magnificent sketcher this inspired him to achieve ductile likeand telling accent. A bit later on, he found Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivanreward work in an architecture firm.
Soon late, he became Sullivan’s assistantand got married to Catherine Tobin in June 1889. He stopped working withSullivan and opened his own architectural practice. He had six children and 10employee assistants for his company. His first project wasa W.
H. Winslow’s house, it was sufficient to get the notice of the mostoutstanding planner in Chicago. Frank got invited by Daniel Burnham to go toEurope in order to become designer for Burnham’s firm, but he was rejected. Others new architectsthat were in the same generation as Frank all did search in the same way ofarchitecture, which became recognised as Prairie School of architecture.Prairie design was fulling-grown in 1900 when he was 33 years old that mainlyself-learning had become a leader. This school had been recognized for its togo toward building a modern home.
He had produced a large quality of materialsand equipment and mainly developed commercial building, however, they did notdo complex and detail work for bold, plain walls, roomy family living areas,and perimeter heating below broad glazed areas. Within 10 years from 1900 to1910, he built about 50 Prairie houses. His resident housing design was show aswide with a low roof and a lot of windows around. For the interior, hisdesigned structure for most housing was to make main room flow together incontinuous space. Frank started todesign apartment housing, group resident, and recreation department. His mostoutstanding works were for enterprise and church. He designed Larkin Company’sadministration office, mail-order company in Buffalo, New York, was built in1904 and got destroyed in 1950.
His church design at Oak Park, Illinois, UnityTemple, became a historic landmark in 1971. He built a small house of warshipwith social centre achieved timeless monumentality with a small amount ofmoney. People had a meeting in the building that had a top-lit cube of spacethat kept away the noise on the street. The Unity Temple made Larkin buildingbetter in the uniformity structure and creative interior decoration thathighlight the space. In 1909, Frank brokeup with his wife and got a new relationship with Mamah Cheney, which one of hisformer customer’s wife. Within the same year, before he left to Europe in September,he worked on his own accomudation new Spring Green in Wisconsin. While he wasin Europe, he had published two books in Germany. One book shows his drawingsand another one was smaller that’s show only photography record of hisbuildings.
Frank and Mamahrelationship stilled not improve because he couldn’t get a divorce. He got tostruggle with his careers from his relationship with Mamah that couldn’tannounce to the public. Japanese began tohired Frank to design the new hotel in Tokyo, that allowed the visitor to enjoyand lived in Western style.
The beginning of 1913, he and his girlfriend occupyfew months in Japan. The year after, he moved back to Chicago with a quickconstruction of Midway Garden, they wanted to have open-air dinner, restaurantsand club. His building plan well balanced with luxury decoration. However, itwas crush before Midway Garden opened; Mamah, her children, and other four weremurder by a crazy houseman and the rest of the building were destroyed by fire.
Frank had one of hismost significant works in Tokyo and that’s The Imperial Hotel. It has theresting area, entertainment area, and unprecedented construction. This hotelwas one of the big buildings that survive through floating and earthquake thathits Tokyo in 1923. No one wonder that Frank was completely master of his art.However, he still had to deal with difficulty in order to gain big projectbecause of his self-interested and unusual act and the bad things that got intohis personal life.
He took his way backto California, where he found rich customers. He designed a complex house andstudio surrounded by the garden on the property call Olive Hill, for AlineBarnsdall to build in 1920. These show as the Municipal Art Gallery inHollywood. Frank separate fromhis wife Catherine later in late 1992. He also ended his connection with MiriamNoel and Taliesin got damage again by lightning in 1925, so he rebuilt itagain. Frank met with Olgivana Hinzenberg, in 1924 and not too long after shemoved to stay with him permanently and got married in 1928.
About the sametime, he had a bad problem with financial, which fall into a catastrophicstate. He had to sell an awesome collection of Japanese prints but that was notenough to take out Taliesin from the bank. He started to write Autobiographyand series of article on architecture. Finally, some of his supporters gatherhis works that show his ability, his belongings, and his bankrupt — that’s wellprotected him. In 1929, he drew a studio tower from a concrete core, it hasbeen built in New York City.
This was one of his best concepts. In 1929, allarchitecture works and activity in American had to end due to stock marketcrash. Frank spent his time teaching in Chicago, New York City, and Princeton,New Jersey. His first Autobiography book on urban problems “The DisappearingCity” was released in 1932. At the same time, he opened Taliesin community forarchitecture education program and associated artists that stay in or manageTaliesin.
He has about 20 to 60 workers each year and some worked for decades.During winter, he and his stuff drive to Arizona, where Taliesin was about tobe built. During this time, he came up with the systems that could be built forcheap cost homes and he managed to build some over the year. It’s differentfrom Prairie houses that had flat-roofed with one ground position on heatedconcrete base mat. Some of these were Frank best worked for examples the Jacobshouse (1937) in Westmorland, Wisconsin, close to Madison, and the Winkler-Goetschhouse (1939) at Okemos, Michigan.
Frank became head ofarchitect as the country economy has developed, he had two projects came to himthat he used a lot of skilled. The first one was close to Pittsburgh in theAllegheny Mountains, it’s about weekend retreat theme. This Fallingwaterhousing was built over a waterfall with a simple challenge that simulates widepromote from 1936 to today. This probably his most proud work, it has beengiven to the government to share to the public later. The other one was S.C.Johnson administration office, wax manufacturers at Racine, Wisconsin. He puttop-lit space with obstruction forms and novel, tubular mushroom columns.
Itwas one of the most modern architecture gentle workrooms. These building showedthat he was a young designer that always came up with the new and unique idea. Frank projects hadseparate through many parts of the world in every kind of building.
FloridaSouthern College at Lakeland from 1940-1949 was one of his design for campusbuildings and also V.C. Morris Shop in 1948 in San Francisco was complete. Someof his later designs were complete and incomplete, there are two big projectsthat were standout which is Guggenheim Museum in New York City and Marin CountyGovernment Center new San Francisco.
The Guggenheim Museum was ordered at thestart of 1943 to the building that used to keep the abstract art. The projectstarted at the beginning of 1956 and it was done in 1959 after Frank’s passedaway. The museum has only one ground but used a bend ramp instead, his ideaswere on going area and this was one of his outstanding building. The Marincountry was the only his complete job for the administration and the only oneof his building that combines architecture, highway, and car together. Frank was a creatorand productive architect.
He designed about 800 buildings, 380 were built, and280 still arrives. The way that he worked, he used decorative detail, dark warmcolours tone, and texture effects. He used of substance that assisted him tocontrol and balance his space dynamic, which opened up a new architecture styleto American. He became well-known in term of inventor and expounder of unique design.His greatest achievements would be quality of his design and use of space.