Enclosed hot deserts, Australia is a fascinating country with

Enclosed by the
Indian and South Pacific Ocean lies the smallest continent and the
sixth-largest country in the world, Australia. Home to many unique plants and animals,
Australia is a beauty like no other. From its dazzling beaches to its blazing
hot deserts, Australia is a fascinating country with an endless number of places
to explore. However, Australia is not just a beautiful landscape. Australia has
a fascinating history, interesting current events, and a rich literary
history. 

Similar to many
islands in the Pacific Ocean, Australia was inhabited long before British
settlers arrived. According to Robert Prosser in his book “Countries of the
World Australia”, “The first inhabitants were the Aborigines, who migrated from
Southeast Asia at least 50,000 years ago. In 1788 approximately 300,000
Aborigines were scattered across the country in seminomadic groups. Today many
Aborigines remain, though their lifestyles have largely changed” (9). Relating
to this Survival International writes,

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Evidence suggests
that these communities managed their environment carefully to ensure a steady
supply of food, bringing wild yams into gardens which they irrigated, for
example. Those aboriginal tribes who lived inland in the bush and the desert
lived by hunting and gathering, burning the undergrowth to encourage the growth
of plants favored by the game they hunted. They were experts in seeking out
water.

 Like the culture and the people in Hawai?i, Aborigines
had a close relationship with the land. Prosser insists that, “According to
tradition, the homeland belonged to the tribal group (not individuals) and
possessed deep religious meaning” (24).

European settlement
in Eastern Australia in 1788 brought disaster and tragedy to the Aboriginal
people and their culture. Prosser states,

They were pushed
off their lands and denied legal rights. Government and missionary policies
discouraged or banned traditional ways of life and even languages. Aboriginal
peoples had no resistance to diseases such as small pox and measles, which were
introduced by Europeans. Europeans misunderstood Australian conditions. They
overused the land, killed wildlife and sapped water supplies. They degraded the
environmental resources on which Aboriginals depended. (24)

Many Aborigines were killed by
diseases brought by the Europeans which greatly reduced their numbers. In an
attempt to erase their culture and language aboriginal children were taken from
their families and raised by white families. Similar to what happened to other
Pacific Islanders, Aborigines almost lost their culture and their way of life. Sadly,
Aborigines still face racist… They still struggle to revive their culture to
this day.

Apart from its beauty, Australia, like
every other country around the world, has many economic, social, and
environmental issues. A substantial economic issue that Australians face today
is the expensive cost of living there. Mccrindle
claims that,

88% of Australians feel the cost of
living pressures are greater today than 5 years ago. While Western Australia
had the same percentage as the national average when analyzing the increase
overall, in the extreme increase category it had the highest response at 63%
(compared to the national average of 47%). The strongest response overall was
given by South Australians, with 95% feeling an increase in cost of living
pressures” (2).

Sydney, a major city in Australia,
is one of the top 25 most expensive cities to live in the world. With gas and
power bills being ranked first in cost increases, followed by grocery prices,
water bills, health-care costs, housing costs, and education expenses. Many
Australians report that the cost of these utilities rising has had a major
impact on their cost of living. ____ reports,

More Tasmanians
than other Australians report paying power and gas bill that have increased
significantly in price in the last 5 years. In a similar way, respondents from
the ACT report high cost increases in the cost of housing over the last 5 years
when compared to other states (78% report that they’ve experienced cost
increases that have had a significant impact on their cost of living, compared
to the national average of 43%).