Emanuel GarciaMr. JonesELA 3-4December 13, 2017The Mandela EffectThe Mandela Effect is a very popular and interesting conspiracy theory. This conspiracy theory has to due with how some people remember facts or events differently. It is something that can be proven true due to the various events that have occurred throughout time. The ¨Berenstain¨ and ¨Berenstein¨ Bears incident, one of the more popular conspiracy theories, the controversial death of Nelson Mandela, and the questionable death of Billy Graham are just a few examples of the many out there to support the theory. Initially, “The Berenstain Bears” is a piece of evidence that helps prove the theory true. This event is pretty basic to understand. This event deals with people growing up remembering the name of the book as The Berenstein Bears, instead of “The Berenstain Bears”. Stephen Comer said, “I would like to say that I very clearly remember ‘Berenstain Bears’ being Berenstein Bears. I very specifically remember it being pronounced ‘STEIN’ on the show”(Qtd. By Broome). “Does anyone remember the Berenstein Bears? I do”(Qtd. By Broome). These quotes from Fiona Broome, experienced author, researcher, and paranormal consultant for over 40 years, prove that multiple people remember differently as the spelling can be found today, helping prove this theory correct. To add on, Nelson Mandela’s death is another piece of evidence that helps prove the theory right, the very man who this theory is named after. Mandela’s death has been dubious as to when he actually died. Many had believed that he had died in prison in the 1980’s, but actually died in 2013, almost 25 years later.”It wasn’t one of those casual misconceptions that we all have that a certain person must be dead simply because we haven’t heard about them for years” (McPherson). Fiona Broome recalls the riots that occured after Mandela’s funeral and the funeral very vividly (McPherson). These quotes provide evidence that it was no misunderstanding or bad communication that made people think Nelson Mandela had died in prison. Many people had believed that he was actually dead, which as said by the previous quote, caused riots and there was even a funeral. This helps prove that a funeral occurred for Nelson Mandela while he was alive, which would not make sense. Riots also broke out because of his death, even though people say he was alive. The riots would cause damage and chaos in the city, not something the city would want and could have simply stopped it by saying and proving that Nelson Mandela was still alive, but they did not do so. This helps prove that he must have died and it was not just a mix up. This would make the conspiracy true, that he died in jail, but somehow also died later in 2013. To continue, another piece of information is the televised funeral of Billy Graham in 2009, even though he is still alive today in 2017 at the age of 99. At the time, Fiona Broome didn’t think Billy Graham’s funeral was especially odd. She didn’t watch a lot of the funeral or burial, but she remembers just going through channels and remembers “seeing most networks carrying the event” (Broome). Many channels televised this event which is what makes this event so strange because technically, he was still alive through all this. This making it a peculiar event and adding more proof to the conspiracy theory of the Mandela Effect and helping prove the theory true. American writer, Tamara Thorne, said, “I do not have any recollections of Mandela, but do have pretty clear memories about Billy Graham’s death”(Qtd. by Broome). This interesting quote is something that helps prove the Mandela Effect even more. She remembers Billy Graham’s death, even though he is still well and alive today. Most people say it was confused with the funeral of his wife, Ruth Graham, as she died in 2007. This would not make sense though because as the story goes, Billy Graham supposed death was around the same time as Ted Kennedy’s which was in 2009, so it would not make sense, the two deaths happened too far apart. This event is a huge factor in the theory. This piece of evidence is more accepted than the death of Nelson Mandela, which was a really big event, so much that this very theory was named after that very event. On the other hand however, this conspiracy theory has many important pieces of evidence that are against it and help prove it wrong. One theory is on that there is a glitch in the brain, having to do with the memory section, and not in the universe, time travelers or anything of the sorts. The theory deals with how memories are generated and preserved. The brain makes memories from small pieces on the go, instead of just recording them, “memories aren’t pure” they can be influenced by the smallest of things, like peer pressure for example (Emery). This basically says that many things affect how memories are made. For example in the Berenstain or Berenstein event, which is one of the more popular pieces of evidence used to support the Mandela Effect, since the ending “stein” is more common than the ending “stain” the brain would generate and preserve the memory of the name “Berenstein Bears” instead of preserving the one of the “Berenstain Bears”. Another example is false memory making, which is what could explain the confusion with the death of Nelson Mandela. The memory of Nelson Mandela being a long time in jail and the memory of him dying could have been connected creating a false memory. To conclude, the Mandela Effect is a very interesting, controversial and popular conspiracy theory. There are a lot of facts and pieces of evidence that help prove the conspiracy true, like Nelson Mandela’s death and Billy Graham’s death. There are also some facts and pieces of evidence to help prove it wrong, for example false memory making, and simply, the way your brain makes and preserves memories. BibliographyBroome, Author Fiona. “Billy Graham’s Funeral on TV.” Mandela Effect, 8 Aug. 2016, mandelaeffect.com/billy-grahams-funeral-on-tv/.Broome, Author Fiona. “Berenstein or Berenstain Bears?” Mandela Effect, 8 Aug. 2016, mandelaeffect.com/berenstein-or-berenstain-bears/.McPherson, Douglas. “Are you living in an alternate reality? Welcome to the wacky world of the ‘Mandela Effect’.” The Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group, 20 Sept. 2016, www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/09/20/are-you-living-in-an-alternate-reality-welcome-to-the-wacky-worl/.”The Mandela Effect.” Snopes.com, 24 July 2016, www.snopes.com/2016/07/24/the-mandela-effect/.