During (2015) describes that the factors contributing to the

Duringprecolonial times in Africa, many different states, kingdoms, and even empireswere prevalent across the continent. After reading Jane Acquah’s (2015) article”The Rise and Fall of States and Empires in Precolonial Africa” the readerobtains a better understanding of which factors contributed to the rise andfall of states and empires across Africa.

Jane Acquah (2015) describes that thefactors contributing to the rise of these states and empires were: agriculture,trade, religion, environment, leadership, technology, and invader groups (p.9).On the other hand, Acquah (2015) defines that the factors contributing to thefall of these states and empires were: environmental degradation, warfare, economicdecline, political disputes, slave trade, and foreign intervention (p.9).

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Throughout this article, Acquah (2015) does a great job of explaining the riseand fall of states and empires based on geographic location and which factorshelped or hindered the states and empires in each particular region.             After reading Jane Acquah’s (2015)article “The Rise and Fall of States and Empires in Precolonial Africa” Ilearned just how the contact between Europe, Asia, and Africa effected thesocio-political and economic development of the continent of Africa. Thiscontact that Africa had between Europe and Asia both helped rise and lead tothe demise of the states and empires in Africa.

This contact between Europe andAsia helped Africa’s states and empires rise from trade. For example, becauseof a surplus in food and other goods, these states and empires were able totrade with Asia. As a result of the trading, “They imposed taxes and tributesupon merchants, thus accruing wealth to expand their states” (Acquah, 2015,p.10). Immigration from Europe and Asia also helped benefit these Africanstates and empires to rise. For example, immigration brought merchantsartisans, and religious scholars from Asia, Arabia, and Europe to settle inNorth Africa (Acquah, 2015, p.

11). This combination of immigrants definitelyeffected the socio-political advancement of Africa because these immigrantsbrought their social and political beliefs with them. Acquah (2015) providesevidence that immigration effected economic development in Africa by writingthat these migrant groups “served as vehicles through which ideas of irontechnology, literature, religion, and luxury goods flowed through North Africa”(p.11). Africa’s contact with Europe and Asia also led to the demise of Africanstates and empires. For example, foreign intervention from European countriescontributed to the collapse of African states and empires (Acquah, 2015, p.14).

The collapse of these African states and empires can be contributed tocountries like Portugal which caused “political volatility caused by foreigninterference in local politics, succession disputes, and persistent fighting”(Acquah, 2015, p.16).             In conclusion, Jane Acquah’s (2015)article “The Rise and Fall of States and Empires in Precolonial Africa” wasvery informative about precolonial African states and empires. After readingthe article, the audience learns just how these African states and empiresemerged and fell through various factors.

In addition to learning about therise and fall of the African states and empires, the audience realizes how bigof an impact that contact from Europe and Asia effected the socio-political andeconomic development of the continent of Africa.  References Acquah, J. (2015). The Rise and Fall of States andEmpires in Precolonial Africa.

In Nnoromele, S. & Anyanwu, E. O. (Eds.), ReTracingAfrica: A Multi-Disciplinary Study of African History, Societies, andCultures (2nd ed.

, pp. 9-21). Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.