Delay of behaviour simply refers to human delaying the process to seek for medical help. There are pros and cons as to why people show delay of behaviour which can make a huge impact on one’s heath. For instant, when one person is feeling sick, he/she will decline to visit a doctor due to their ego or belief as it was a” familiar and usual” sickness which might result in serious health problems. Human go through 4 different stages of delay behaviour before they decide to visit a doctor from appraisal delay to illness delay follow by behavioural delay and lastly is medical delay. The first stage, appraisal delay.It is described as once the time a person takes to evaluate a symptom as a sign of illness.
For example, when an adult be it male or female was having cough, they would see it a familiar illness as it can be caused by consuming too much chilled food, Eg: ice cream. Unless they start to have serious coughing or even coughing out blood, such symptom could mean that they are suffering from serious illness such as brochities. Therefore, during this time they would interpret their illness of coughing as a sign of usual illness. The second stage, illness delay.
It refers to the time the person takes from the first sign of illness until deciding whether to seek professional medical care. For example, even though they are coughing badly. There are still not much other symptoms that regards to brochities (we assume they are diagnosed) thus they assume they can recover by drinking more water, avoid as much fast food as possible as well as consuming cough syrup from pharmacy. During this time, there is a delay on their illness as they do not feel the need to seek for professional treatment or as they assume that their illness is considered as mild. The third stage, behavioural delay.This stage refers to the time between deciding to seek treatment and receiving a medical help.
For example, on a particular day, he/she decided to visit the doctor as there was high shortage of breath each time he/she cough. However, by the time he/she reaches the polyclinic, it was closed. At this point, there is a behavioural delay as he/she could visit the doctor in the afternoon, the person delays the duration till its evening. The fourth stage, medical delay.This last stage refers to the time that elapse between the person’s calling for anappointment till his or her receiving appropriate medical care. For example, the person may have already book an appointment at the polyclinic to consult the doctor, however as the polyclinic is busy it delayed the actual time when the person would supposing see the doctor. Therefore, these 4 stages of delay will cause the severity of the illness from bad to worse resulting in late treatment which can caused death. These 4 stages of delay may be caused by some reasons whether is it adherence or non-adherence.
Adherence is an attachment or commitment to a person, cause, or belief. It is also defined as the extent to which patients are able to follow the recommendations for prescribed treatments.Adherence suggest collaboration while compliance suggests that the person obeys reluctantly. Factors influencing adherence would be as such, 1. Medical regimes and illness characteristics.
As some medical regimes can be long winded and confusing. People who are busy or forgetful would be less likely to follow especially for older generation as they tend to forget or be in a rush. 2. AgePeople who are in their teens or adults are more likely to follow the regime provided by the doctor as they are able to take care of themselves.
For instant, when a person needs to consume their medication 3 times a day, the teens and the adult would tend to follow the prescription as descripted. Whereas for the adolescent, they will be unwilling to do so because they are still young and need parents to guide and care. While non-adherence refers to not carry out recommended behaviours and treatment or creativity modifying the behaviour and treatment. Factors influencing adherence would be as such, 1. Knowledge/ beliefWhen patients are unsure about the right information of treatment and regimes they will tend not take as it may be risky.
This happens to a lot of people because not all clinic indicates what’s the purpose of the medication on the medication which makes many feels unsure and thus nope willing to pick up the treatment. Another reason could be due to their own belief about the medication. For example, when one belief that paracetamol would not help with headache, but only fever, however since there is a disbelief, then that person then will not want to consume the paracetamol as is belief that it does not work.
2. MotivationThere is no motivation or support from friends and family. For example, when one is diagnosed with cancer and goes for chemotherapy, if there is no one around to provide support (E.g. accompany him/her to the hospital) or no one is motivating you (E.g. telling he/she that “everything will be over soon, hang on.
You can do it) they are likely to feel worthless and useless as when no one sees the point of curing as they lose motivation and courage. In conclusion, when we feel that we need certain medical help, we should go instead of delaying as no one knows what will happen at the next moment.