To enhance and enrich the employability of the millions of students entering the global job market at the end of every academic year, the need and importance of developing the interpersonal communication skills of the students at under graduate level and the viable ways to integrate interpersonal communication skills in the English language curriculum are widely recognized and accepted by all academicians. This paper proposes a novel and dynamic approach to develop the interpersonal communication skills of the students using inventory] as a potential tool.
It explores the field of communication studies, highlights the interpersonal relationships in the process of all contexts of communication and emphasizes the role and significance of interpersonal communication skills. It shows poetry as a prospective genre to be used in the interpersonal communication skills development classes as a teaching material and guides in identifying the methods to adopt a poem to achieve the objectives of teaching and learning process. It provides a sample followed by analysis that proves the proposition.
It is a multidimensional field of study and it cannot be confined thin a single paradigm in narrow limits. The theories of communication provide a set of useful tools for viewing the everyday processes and experiences of communication through the new lenses. A multiplicity of interdisciplinary theories and approaches is available in the fields of communication studies, cultural studies, linguistics, philosophy, sociology, psychology, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, anthropology, clinical therapy, discourse analysis, semantics, rhetoric, hermeneutics and others.
Communication is an interdisciplinary component of all the above fields of study. According to Robert T. Craig (2008) “Communication is not a secondary phenomenon that can be explained by antecedent psychological, sociological, cultural, or economic factors; rather, communication itself is the primary, constitutive social process that explains all these other factors”. (p. 2) The kaleidoscopic nature Of communication fascinates the researchers in the field of communication and motivates them to delve into it deeply. 110 S.
Ramada & S. P. Demeaned COMMUNICATION AND INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS Since 1 sass relationship’s] have been an important subject related to communication. Carl Rogers and Martin Auber who belong to the phenomenological tradition focused on the relationship aspect of communication. The works of Irwin Alton and Dallas Taylor spurred the field of communication studies and their social-penetration theory] paved the way for a long tradition of investigation into relational development of language and communication.
Stefan Prurient (2000) emphasizes the importance of relationships] in the process of communication in the following statement: “… The relationship generated by communication becomes more important than the informational content which is being reanimated. ” The study of relationships fascinate every individual because they are unique, dynamic, ever changing based on the sociological, cultural, religious, linguistic, economic, educational, and political relationships that every human being maintains with other individuals.
Carl Rogers, a legend in the 20th century approaches to human relationships, propounded theories on communication and provided guidelines to communicate more effectively within relationships. According to Rogers, select is inseparable from relationships and communication evolves in relationship. The world is formed through legislation and the ideas about what is important in every human beingњs life has been formed through interpersonal communication skills (EPIC).
John Stewart says that “… There is a basic movement in the human world, and it is toward relation not division. ” (2009, p. 7). All these inferences lead to accept that developing and maintaining relationships have become central to the process of communication in the present scenario. ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION AND INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS Interpersonal communication skills are a key to a well-developed civil society ND, which can best be achieved through education.
A cursory look through the classified section of any newspaper, magazine, and article indicates that excellent communication skills] and interpersonal skills] are a prerequisite for getting a job regardless of the field of work and designation. MASCOT- McKinney Report-2005 observed the lack of employability skills among the students aspiring for jobs and indicated that only about 25% of technical graduates and 10-15% of general college graduates are suitable for employment in the offshore IT and BOP industries respectively” (MASCOT, 2005, p. 16).
It also highlighted that most of the students are good at core competenciesњ but they lack communicative competence]. Communication discipline should be viewed as central to the goals of the educational system, especially in the domains of engineering and technology since the employees need to communicate with administrators, managers, technicians, vendors, suppliers, customers and co-workers for sustainable development. In the development of goldfinches and human relation skills, the development of interpersonal communication skills has become the main objective (Shannon, 2004).
Levine]s (2005) article, College radiates aren’t ready for the real world, published in The Chronicle of Higher Education supports this: Many young adults are growing up in a non-verbal culture that makes few, if any demands on language skills. This has been considered as one of the reasons why more college students today have development problems such as difficulties in processing language or communicating verbally (both speaking and writing), an inability to focus attention or reason quantitatively, and a serious lack of problem solving skills. Bal 1-812) Developing Interpersonal Communication Skills of Engineering Students through Poetry 111 The exigency related to the development of interpersonal communication skills should be viewed and addressed by the experts in the academia with great concern and teachers of communication must find viable and effective ways to develop the interpersonal communication skills of the engineering students to cope with, and communicate effectively in the increasingly complex, diverse global and multi disciplinary environments.
In this globally connected and technologically enhanced world, the contemporary society is getting diverse and the process of communication is eating more complex. The researchers in the field of communication studies have been in search of feasible and valuable approaches, methodologies, strategies, and principles to reach the objectives of communication. The role of literature in the teaching, learning, training and development of language and communication skills has been recognized, realized and acknowledged by the researchers.
The roles and applications of literature in language education have been extensively described and debated but not have been sufficiently researched (Crams, 1993). Widows (1981) highlights the ultimate values of literature in teaching and learning a language in the following lines: We read on, caught up in the discourse, involved in creating a world with language, and learning a language at the same time as we use it in the realization of another reality. Far from being diminished, human experience is extended. (p. 21 3).
In this era of communication revolution where human beings are dominated by virtual images and electronic communication tools, using literature alongside other texts, audiovisual and oral materials, will definitely enhance and enrich interpersonal and cross-cultural understanding of the recess of communication. Using poetry as a potential tool to develop interpersonal communication skills is an attempt to overcome the difficulties in communication and relationship development. Michael Holiday, cited in Steven Croft and Robert Meyer (2008), has famously outlined the possible range of texts as … Ewing prose or verse, dialogue or monologue, it may be anything from a single proverb to a whole play, from a momentary cry for help to an all-day discussion on a committee. (p. L) Among all genres of literature, poetry shows a wide variety of interpersonal contexts. Poetry encompasses the whole range of human experience and the features that it possesses are dynamic, diversified and unique. Poets have a whole range of different forms, structures, techniques and styles to express their emotions, feelings, opinions, perceptions, perspectives, ideas, concepts, experiences etc.
The emotional dimension Of language can be identified and used in developing interpersonal relationship and communication skills. The possibilities of individual expressions in the form of poetry are infinite and the language used by poets in communicating with others will always be unique. Every poem has its distinctive peculiarities, the innate formal limitations and possibilities. It may never quite be the same as of another in terms of expression, tone, mood, atmosphere, diction, etc.