Civilrights was discussed in class as an idea that the state owes itscitizens certain protections, among these is equal treatment and protectionbefore the law. Although DuBois argued that Black communities experiences a”double consciousness” in their social and political lives despite the powerfulgains civil rights movements maintained. DuBois concept of double consciousnessdescribes the feeling that an individual has when they have more than onesocial identity. which makes it difficult for them to develop a sense of self.DuBois thought that African Americans lived in an oppressive society that disregardedthem as equals.
Meanwhile the African-American culture encouraged dignity and equality.This type of double consciousness forced the African Americans to seethemselves from the perspective of both cultures, making it extremelychallenging for them to merge their African American culture with theirAmerican identity.DuBoisconcept could have potentially informed later thinkers/activists like Malcom X.Malcolm X was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist.
Hebelieved that white society actively worked in order to keep African-Americansfrom advancing themselves and achieving economic, political and social successes.While the civil rights movement advocated against racial segregation, Malcolm Xsupported the idea of complete separation African Americans from white society.He suggested that a separate country for African Americans in America should becreated. He disregarded the civil rights movement’s approach of nonviolence, andclaimed that African American people should protect themselves “by anymeans necessary.”