Christopher and William Howard TaftTheodore Roosevelt- Born October 22,

Christopher Rodriguez & Maximilian CalzaAICE US History AS LevelMr. ClavellPeriod 616 January 2018The Presidencies of Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard TaftTheodore Roosevelt- Born October 22, 1858 and died January 6, 1919. Served as a Republican President between September 1901 to March 1909. The trust buster, as he was known, Theodore Roosevelt was one of the most popular, influential, and favored presidents from the era of fixing society known as the Progressive Movement. After being sworn into office due to a backfired plan by huge industrials to keep McKinley in office, Roosevelt went right that resulted in the Progressive Movement being critical for American development. Coming from a high class and aristocratic family, it was a surprise that he focused a big chunk of his presidency on destroying the worst enemy of American society, monopolies and trusts. He formed his image as one of the people, and that was shown through his numerous bills that would fix working conditions and redo the current economic system that favored the rich instead of the average working class. Being Mother Nature’s best friend, he also focused on keeping the natural beauty of America preserved, resulting in him creating one of the most influential park systems still used today. Overall, Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency revolved around fixing the numerous problems that stayed behind after the Gilded Age ended. Goals as a President- Being  Governor of New York and Vice President to William McKinley, his goals as a political figure were clear. During his period as Governor of New York, he was introduced to trusts, monopolies, and other labor practices and the problems that they created for the American economy. Because of this, he focused a great deal of his presidency on destroying huge monopolies, especially in the Railroad and Oil industries. Roosevelt also wanted to reform workplaces in numerous industries and factories, and to change the way the government intervened in the acts of industries and corporations. Overall, Roosevelt wanted to change the current system of labor to help all class of people in the US. Another goal of Roosevelt was to change the current food and drug system, which as many American agreed, was a disgusting mess. The meat packing and production industries had no regard for the cleanliness and purity of the meat, and Roosevelt was determined to change that. Similar to  McKinley’s policy, Roosevelt was also focused on securing America’s position as a world power,  not only in the Caribbean, but also in the Pacific. In his first political campaign, he strongly pushed the idea of full control over the Philippines, a belief that would lead the US to spread all over the world. Important Legislation- After Roosevelt was sworn in as president, he got to work in changing the current labor and industrial system in the US. Believing that the American government had a duty to mediate industrial conflicts in labor, manufacturing, and consumer rights/protection, he created the “Square Deal.”  Under this deal, the middle class would be empowered, while powerful trusts and big businesses would be forced to follow new labor regulations, without having to secede to the wants of extreme labor unions. To refine the American industrial system, Roosevelt started by getting rid of the thing that was poisoning the American economy, monopolies and trusts. After the Sherman Antitrust act was created under 1890, its vagueness paired with presidents who had a vested interest toward monopolies ended in the act rarely being used and monopolies that were supposed to be illegal stayed in power. Throughout his first term, Roosevelt put up 44 antitrust suits that focused on numerous monopolies and trust throughout the US, and which in the end led to the disbanding of the Northern Securities Company and the regulation of Rockefeller’s powerful oil monopoly “Standard Oil.” Roosevelt was also able to help pass the bill that set up the “US Department of Labor” which included the “Bureau of Corporations,” which was used to overwatch American  businesses in hope of preventing another monopoly from starting up. Theodore showed his love for the workers and worker rights when it came to mediating the Coal Strike of 1902. When a shortage of coal threatened the way to get energy in the future, Roosevelt created a commission that would end up paying the workers ten percent more and shortening their work day by one hour. When Upton Sinclair expose style book “The Jungle” was released, Americans had an outcry against the meatpacking industry. To combat the immoral and disgusting practices made by many in the food industry, Roosevelt created the Meat Inspection Act of 1906 (which forced factories to inspect its meat before and after slaughter to make sure it didn’t have any contaminants) and the Pure Food and Drug Act, which banned trade on food and drugs that were adulterated, misbranded, unpure, or filled with ingredients that could be damaging to the consumer’s health. Overall, this legislation can be seen as one of his most important ones as it changed the way the food industry treated and produced our meat forever. The importance of health and sanitation would skyrocket in the American industry after Roosevelt passed this piece of legislation. One of his most influential and time lasting legislation was not focused on politics but focused on nature. Roosevelt worked with the head of the US Forest Service, Gifford Pinchot, to set up the National Parks System and to pass the 1906 Antiquities Act, which gave the president power to declare any structure on federal land a national monument, giving it similar protection as a National Park does to a piece of land. In the end, Roosevelt ended up creating 18 national monuments, 150 National Parks, numerous other reserves, which totaled over 200 million acres of protected land. The Big Stick Policy- One of Theodore Roosevelt’s more popular quotes goes like this- “Speak softly and carry a big stick.”  William Howard Taft- Born September 15, 1857 and died March 8, 1930. Served as a Republican President between March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913. Summary:William Taft, also known as Big Chief for being “Big Boned” to say the least, was the 27th president of the united states. Being one of the most interesting, intellectual, and versatile presidents. He was the only president to ever become Chief  Justice. He was mostly known for his help to spread the US’  influence globally. He did so with Dollar Diplomacy. Dollar Diplomacy was and still is an American foreign policy that extends the US’ political power in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries. This policy was unpopular among both the countries taking the loans and the US Senate. He continued the Anti Trust ideals that were handed down by Roosevelt until their disagreement in the election of 1912. President Taft steered towards the Legislative branch more than the Executive which is why he didn’t have the fire burning in him to be president as Theodore had. However he was a progressive president but because he felt that he owed President Theodore for helping him get elected. He had many successes when it came to negotiations with other countries, but however failed to completely fulfill what Theodore expected him to do as he left the presidency to him. He intended to spread the nation’s power and influence and was able to do so with his Dollar Diplomacy Policy. He left behind a more influential country but not the one that was in Theodore’s dreams. They both were disputing presidency when Wilson took advantage and was able to take the election  in the bag ending Taft’s presidency and starting his legislative career. Goals as a President – His goals for presidency were to keep fighting trusts with the power of antitrust acts such as the sherman act. He also wished to keep up the standards that were wished for by Theodore. He also wished to expand the influence that the US had on other countries. He however had the biggest goal to be the Chief Justice which was where he progressed most of his ideas. William Howard Taft also successfully monitored U.S. rule in the Philippines. In 1894 he revised a spanish code that was used on the civilian population that he then revised and made it friendly to all the classes rather than just the upper. His administration was able to win many court cases against trusts. Some of the best wins his administration had was the one in 1911 against the American Tobacco Company and American Sugar Refining Company which stopped many of their rigged prices.Important Policies – The Dollar Diplomacy Policy is the policy that taft is most well known for. A great example was when Dollar Diplomacy was enacted in Nicaragua. The president at the time was taken over in a military coup in 1833. José Santos Zelaya was thus the new president but a revolt happened in 1909 that was then backed out by US soldiers because the President Taft wanted to give the new regime more loans to have more economical power over the country itself.  The use of this Policy removed much of the european influence in latin america at the time which allowed America to have more trading and economic opportunities than before. This meant that he was not scared to not be peaceful if it meant for benefits to the US going as far as to help a revolution. One of his worst policies was the Payne-Aldrich Tariff. It divided many of the progressives that saw high tariffs as “mother of trusts”.  This removed many potential voters that could have been the difference between his next election in winning or losing. His second terrible policy was his trust busting got out of hand. He destroyed trusts that even Roosevelt said were good trusts this was from him telling Taft that he didn’t know the difference in good and bad trusts. He however did reform a lot of tariffs and made companies’ growth rate increase but he used it as a double sided sword it both helped and hurt him.Sources- William Howard Taft: i just checked for plagiarism and we good youre still not done. Check the damn google classroom