Children who are forced to work in mines often work in harsh conditions, and, “at timesthe children are buried alive when the mines cave in” (Morris). Child labor is often defined as physically or mentally exhausting work that deprives children of their childhood, education and basic rights (“Child Labour”). The primary causes of child labor are poverty, a lack of education and family support, and cultural structures. Child labor has many negative impacts on a child’s life, the most prominent are physical and mental hardships. Children are also robbed of the joy and innocence of childhood and education (“Causes”). Child labor is damaging to the child, the child’s family, society, and the future.There are 152 million children worldwide who get caught up in child labor. Amongst this vast population of children, Africa holds the majority of laborers, at 72.1 million children, with 1 in 5 children a victim (“Child Labour”). The biggest cause to child labor is poverty (Naeem). Child labor is so deeply rooted in some cultures and traditions that it does not get viewed as a problem that needs fixing. It is also seen as way of to strengthen and toughen their personality. Sometimes parents are so financially troubled that they can not sufficiently provide for their family, therefore children take it upon themselves and seek out their own income (“Causes”). Most child laborers rang from ages 5-17 (“Child Labour”). Australia is one of the few countries that deals with child labor well. This is due to the laws and regulation they have in place, and the free education and health care they provide (“Children’s Rights: Australia”).Child Labor violates the child’s rights to education, protection, survival, and mental and physical development (Naeem). Child laborers “are engaged in labour that is considered detrimental to their health and development they are also involved in hazardous activities that may compromise their physical, mental, social or educational development” (unicef). There are groups around the world that are disproportionately affected by child labor. Age groups are obviously disproportionately affected as the issue of child labor applies to children usually ages 5-17. Boys are also affected more than girls. There are around 88 million boys and 64 million girls involved in child labor (“Child Labour”), and boys between 15-17 are twice as likely to be responsible for work in dangerous jobs. Boys in general are the primary workers in pastoral communities where they spend long periods of time in isolated areas, this makes them vulnerable to injuries, animal attacks and sometimes sexual abuse (“Gender and Child Labour”). Boys make up 62% of children who work in hazardous jobs and 58% of child laborers in total (“Child Labour”).The Indian government has laws to prevent children under 14 from child labor, and in 2016 India passed a new act, the Child & Adolescent Labour Act, making it illegal for children under 18 to work in hazardous conditions (“Government of India”). However the employment of children ages 14-18 is legal is non-hazardous occupations. India also has the Right to Education Act of 2009 which mandates that all children between 6-14 years old have compulsory free education. Over 1,05,000 Indian citizens have signed a petition to free India of child labor. Many international authorities, like the International Labor Organisation, do their best to minimize child labor. ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labor provides children with education and assistance and finds available jobs for their parents. ILO’s programme is currently operating in 88 countries and is considered the biggest organisation of its kind (“About the International Programme”). The International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labor has gathered partners over the years which include private businesses, the media, government and international organisations and more (“About the International Programme”). Unicef also does its part to eliminate child labor. They helped Bangladesh establish schools to for ex-child labor girls, they helped morocco remove child laborers from dangerous jobs, and educated families in Burkina Faso about the risks of child mining which resulted in the removal of 150 children who were then offered basic education (Efforts to End Child Labour). These organisations aim to end child labor for good. Child labor is defined “as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development” (What is Child Labour). The primary cause of child labor is poverty (Naeem). The effects of child labor are physical and mental issues. It also deprives children of their childhood and education (What is Child Labour); Charity and Government provide help and support to child laborers and their parents (Effort to End Child Labour). Laws and Acts are enforced to provide children with support and protection (“Government of India”).