Chapter of the work that they have done on

Chapter
10 of the Das Kapital, written by Karl Marx represents the protracted study and
influences of thirty years of experience that the author has a share in
relation with historical and social forces along with a Capitalist economy that
shares the interaction of the individuals within and outside of trade. This
volume was published in the 18th century when the division between the classes
was more profound, and industrial labor was more terrible. It must keep in mind
that all Karl Marx’s work in Das Kapital was to revolutionize the industrial
labor and concerned system that were linked with to industries at that
particular time. It also accounts for the critique of a system that has
established such kind of squalor for so many of the poor workers in Europe.
This paper will critically analyze the Karl Marx, ‘The Working Day.’

Individuals
mostly believe that labor power was sold and bought at its value, as resolute
by their work timings, which are necessary to produce it. However, the number
of workers needed to accomplish a particular task was not necessarily equal to
the amount of the work that they have done on that specific day. Most of the
times, that working hours exceeds, of which author quoted as, ‘The time more
than the necessary labor time is surplus labor.’ One needs to be sure that the
working was itself a mutable quantity, which varies according to the quantity
of excess work, but it can vary within certain limits. One account that there
was no real or least perimeter; which measure the excess of work, which can be
in any organization or industry. The author believes that in a capitalist
system, by doing this surplus work, there was no advantage to the employees, of
which he states the reason of ‘Capitalist system,’ and the maximum was
constrained by the moral constraints and physical limitations, such as the need
to fulfill other responsibilities.

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To
account this matter, the author believes that the capitalists have a very
concise view, of which he states, “As a capitalist, he is only capital
personified. His soul is the soul of capital (Marx and Arthur).” Despite
that, this capital’s drive was to enhance the maximum work (surplus-value) by
which there were a maximum means of production of merchandise by absorbing as
much surplus labor as they could. Marx states that the worker was robbing the
capitalist if he uses his disposable time for himself. It means that the only
thing that concerns the capitalist was maximum possible benefit from their
employees (worker’s use-value). The majority of the experience accounts for
England, which was once a center of the industrial revolution, and because of
this revolution, there was much urban degradation. There were many theories in
particular to economies, capitalist, the work day and nature of the work, which
in general discuss the problems, which was still present in the 21st century,
like the economy, regarding capitalism.

One
accounts that, in ‘The Working Day’ author discusses the important theme of the
‘class tension.’ According to him, the problems and conflict between the
workers and capitalist were no a newer one, because it has been continued from
the past centuries, in fact, it was more common in the current era. He believes
that the history repeats itself just like the older time when the class
conflict was considered as been a major debatable theme. One the main reason
that Marx believes tension was the asymmetry between the exchange-value and
use-value of the labor. Similarly, the capitalists are on the stronger side,
just like in earlier times in particular economic- class conflict. The upper
hand permits them to put more force and define what the employees will be paid.
Aside from that, Marx believes that this upper hand doesn’t allow them to
always ‘bargaining’ in perceptive to their particular interest, of which these
organizations believe that they have power because of capitalist dominance in
the society. Correspondingly, these upper hand societies have what they need,
i.e., regarding the property laws which are defined to support the needs of
these capitalists, and such mode of manufacturing imitates the financial
structure of capitalism.

Marx
believes that such structure was going to fulfill the needs of these
capitalists unless it self-destructs because it was evident that these
capitalists will never change or behave differently and such kind of tension
would always remain among the workers and them. Marx states that these capitalists
have the desire to gain whatever remains and whatever they could, of which he
quoted as ‘capitalists have desires to gain the surplus- values.’ To attain
their potential (desires), they would try to exploit the workers by not giving
them the true wage to what they produce. Marx quoted, ‘To survive, the
capitalists must exploit.’ The main idea behind such opinion was that to
overcome the problems of the minimum wage, hardships, and tension of the
workers; there was a need to welfare them (band-aids). This wellbeing was only
going to happen if the structure of the capitalism was removed from the
society.

Marx was
a firm believer for the self-liberation of the employed class through the
annihilation of the unfair practices of capitalism which was fecund even in
21st century. One realizes that the principles of the product exchange, from
perceptive of both sides, are equally valid, from an insight of Marx. To
account force, was not an option because this concern continued from previous
centuries and throughout the history, the capitalist production creates the
tension between the workers and employees. There was the need to highlight the
economic and social inequalities that influenced onto the government, pushing
for fair dissemination, because there was a possibility that individuals
claimed to be proletariat awakening in perceptive to Marx’s revolutionary
theory.