Carol Dweck explains that there are two kinds of mindset that have different attitudes toward intelligence.
One is “growth mindset”, and the other “fixed mindset”. Growth mindset believes intelligence is gained through effort, therefore students with a growth mindset believe intelligence can always be improved. On the contrary, students with a fixed mindset don’t value effort because they believe intelligence is innate and limited.
A student with a growth mindset has the potential to amplify their intelligence. Dweck explains the growth mindset is gained from the recognition of their efforts. Her and Mueller conducted a research with two groups of fifth graders, gave them problems from an IQ test, praised either group with effort and intelligence. They found that the group who were praised for their effort wanted to learn more. She concludes that they are able to maintain their confidence, recover from failure, able to motivate themselves, and confront challenging tasks. A student with a fixed mindset were recognized for intelligence which lead them to have a limited amount and lack aspiration.
Dweck explains that what influenced them is from what teachers say and do that amounts to their limited motivational levels. Teachers that praise intelligence normally are the ones that are fault. The some challenges that fixed mindset students face is that when they fail they “…were more likely to say that they would feel dumb, study less the next time, seriously consider cheating”. She also points out the parents fuels the fixed mindset child by “reassuring their children how smart they are”.
The article claims that complimenting students for intelligence may help improve their grades in the beginning, but it has a negative impact once they move along to higher education.A person with a growth mindset will suit my current definition of success. In my previous paper I explained that in order to be successful you need to give your best effort by being passionate, being committed, and work hard for it. Their mindset has a powerful perception of how far to succeed and much are they willing to do it. Their strength in motivating themselves keep them going no matter difficult it is.
They stumble when they encounter failure but there able to pick themselves up and overcome any