Brazil, the largest country in South America, spanning 3.
288 million square miles. This vast country is divided into main physical features including: Guiana Highlands, Brazilian Highlands, Amazon River Basin, cerrado, Southern Highlands, and wetlands. The Amazon River Basin is a luscious land fertilized by the second largest river in the world, the Amazon River—hint, hint the name. The large river has hundred of tributaries, and has the largest water volume of any other river; this makes it good for trade. At the end of this large river lies the Amazon River Basin, so much freshwater flows out into the Atlantic that for hundreds of miles the salt level is decreased.
This river has caused much fertility to the land around it, and it supports some of the Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon Rainforest houses most of the plants and animals on Earth. This lush rainforest gets much rainfall and produces over 20% of the whole world’s oxygen, just think about that. The air you’re breathing in, in Stratford, Wisconsin, may have came from the Amazon. Another physical feature that greatly dominates South America as a whole, and Brazil is known as the cerrado. This expanse of a tropical savanna covers much of Brazil’s central plateau. It spans hundred of miles in Brazil giving it many animals and plants that greatly differ from the rainforest including: jaguar, cerrado fox, and maned wolf.
Although this place is so huge much has faced depletion because of the greed of the world. It is constantly being cut down because of agricultural needs. Soybeans have hurt the cerrado very much, and many of the species are facing extinction, and being endangered because of it. This savannah is a very controversial topic because of agriculture, but their is very few regions, with this climate, left in the world.
Rising high above the long flat savannahs lie the Guiana Highlands located in Northern Brazil, and through Venezuela, Colombia, and Guyana. The Guiana Highlands range from 1,000 foothills, too large mountains stretching 2,000 to 3,000 feet. Along with much of the rest of the country these highlands have much rainfall, and do not have a distinct time period signalling a dry season. The large amount of rainfall fuels the rainforest like vegetation. These large mountains are good sources for valuable gems (diamond and gold) and iron ore, which can help the economy.
The highlands aren’t only used for their valuable resources, they may draw tourism. Even though this land isn’t for most people one of its major landmarks has drawn many people, Angel Falls. This gigantic, and the world’s largest waterfall (3,212 feet) make this place a beautiful, and valuable place for Brazil. Brazil’s constant rain has brought it many wetlands filled with a diverse ecosystem.
The Pantanal (well known wetlands in Brazil), the world’s largest group of wetlands spanns over 150,000 square kilometers. Although it does not have as many animals as the rainforest definitely is much different. The Pantanal has a mixture of vegetation which is varied the biome it is near giving it many different climates such as: Amazon Rainforest, woodlands and savannas. Spanning half of Brazil’s land mass, conquering the south of Brazil, the Brazilian Highlands holds much of Brazil’s population; begin near the coast. Its vegetation used to be like the cerrados but it was has been destroyed up to 85% for agriculture and cities.
It’s many different rock formations has given great beauty for the country, and it’s beautiful lava spills have made this area of land ideal for farming. Many beautiful lands span across Brazil, and this is definitely one of them. All of the different features of Brazil has made it into the country it is today, no matter if Brazil will prosper, or fall. It is such culturally and physically diverse area that is perfect to got to.