Birch (2015) stated that a growing concern for the Australian economy is therising predominance of stoutness. Prior to the 1970s, several localized studiessuggested that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (respectfully referred toas Aboriginal hereafter) children had better oral health than theirnon-Indigenous peers; although, a nation-wide generalization of this assertionis not without dispute ( Schluter et al.
, 2016).It is now generally recognized that Aboriginal children and adults have pooreroral health, and poorer access to health care than their non-Indigenouscounterparts. There are many contributing factors including: the enduringeffects of colonisation, a higher burden of disease, and poverty reflected inpoor housing, lack of employment and reduced access to services ( Dudgeon et al., 2011). Ashealth professionals, we must look beyond individual attributes of Indigenous Australiansto gain a greater understanding and a possible explanation of why there aresuch high rates of ill health issues such as alcoholism, depression, abuse,shorter life expectancy and higher predominance of infections includingdiabetes, coronary illness and weight in our indigenous population (Shepherd et al., 2012).
However, they did lots of efforts to gaintheir rights but many times they got very disappointed results. This essay willhighlight the main key factors that are responsible for the poor the health ofindigenous people and also overviews the practices made by them to obtain theirrights. First of all,the major reason for the poor health of aboriginal people was the social andeconomic status of indigenous people. At the2001 Census, the unemployment rate for Indigenous peoples was three times higherthan the rate for non-Indigenous Australians ( Altman & Anne, 2010). Altman & Anne (2010) describedthat at the2001 National Census, the average gross household income for Indigenous peoplesin Australia was $364 per/week, or 62% of the rate for non-Indigenous peoples($585 per/ week) which results in Poorer income reduces the accessibility ofhealth care services and medicines. Poor education and literacy are linked topoor health status, and affect the capacity of people to use health information ( Altman & Anne, 2010).
It was alsoconsidered that overcrowded and run-down housing is associated with poverty andcontributes to the spread of communicable disease ( Green, 2014). Waterworth et al. (2015) depicted that financial factorcontribute to a greater burden of unhealthy stress and can impact on the body’simmune system, circulatory system, and metabolic functions through a variety ofhormonal pathways and is associated with a range of health problems fromdiseases of the circulatory system (notably heart disease), mental healthproblems, violence against women and other forms of community dysfunction. The psychological distress created by economic hardshipreduced the capacity to focus upon health behaviour and increased thepropensity to engage in unhealthy coping mechanisms such as smoking and alcoholuse ( Waterworth et al.
, 2015). The WAACHS found that thenatural safety and the passionate and social strength of Indigenous youngstersenhanced with confinement Children living in Perth had fundamentally poorerenthusiastic and social wellbeing than those living in extremely remote groups( Dudgeon et al., 2011).The report concludes that traditional cultures and waysare protective against poor environmental safety and emotional and socialhealth. To the degree perceiving Indigenous people groups’ entitlement toself-assurance underpins groups to recover control of their lives, includingthrough the support of customary societies, it can be comprehended as havingconstructive wellbeing impacts. It is additionally a venturing stone to theobjective of social and economic correspondence. Experience from overseasaffirms that Indigenous people group’s control over their own issues can bevital to their social and financial recovery. Secondly,the destitution and imbalance that they experience is a contemporary reflectionof their historical treatment.
Australia has a long legacy of racism and this is also responsible for the poorhealth of aboriginal and Torres islanders ( Dudgeon et al., 2011). It was defined by Dudgeon et al.
(2011)that racismis a stressor that has been reported to affect both mental and physical health.This was thought to produce psychological distress that impeded considerationof appropriate health behaviour; created psychological barriers between theIndigenous and non-Indigenous people; and increased the necessity for copingstrategies ( Waterworth etal., 2015). While considering the history of aboriginalpeople Hampton et al.
(2013) explainedthat in 1883, Aboriginalindividuals were expelled from the “white society” and put on storesand missions for security this implied native individuals had constrainedaccess to services needed to help them survive after the outbreaks of diseaseand attempted murders against them. Colonizationupset Indigenous Australian people groups’ associations with place and profoundconvictions, abandoning them feeling stripped of ‘nation’ emblematically andgeologically and because of this individuals lost their physical and socialassociation with the land, and to the geographic association with theirconviction frameworks, separating their spiritual and magical associations(Hampton et al., 2013).
Thereare other lots of other historical factors that are responsible for the poorhealth of aboriginal people. Indigenous societies haveendured dispossession and feebleness, and pioneer predominance keeps onutilizing social, financial and media implies for mastery. Debilitation anddispossession from one’s territory has noteworthy ramifications for confidenceand prosperity among indigenous societies and people (Hampton et al., 2013). Lastly, the perceived influence of socio-cultural factors onhealth behaviour of indigenous people. Green (2014) said that culturewas identified as key to an Indigenous point of view, and hence, considerablyimpacted wellbeing conduct and factors that influence wellbeing conduct.
Specifically,the social significance of associations inside a more distant family system, orconnection gathering, was accentuated as persuasive on wellbeing conduct(Hampton et al., 2013). Waterworth et al. (2015) said that the Indigenousindividuals they bolstered by and large had an agreeable, sharing way of life.With regards to monetary hardship, the want to share and be sociable encouragedacts, for example, sharing cigarettes, which had an awful impact on indigenousgroup