Biofuels are the present generation produced fuels that are defining and will define the shape of the industry and the growth of the country. It is a clean fuel, capable of reducing greenhouse gases and thereby the dependency on the fossil fuels. It can create and solve the problems related to employment and electricity production. But, there is a need to develop technologies to produce primary biofuels by using the primary bio resources, abundant in nature.
Several studies show that the demand for electricity and hence the other renewable options other than the Fossil fuels will increase in near future due to rapid urbanization and development. This huge shift will change the geopolitical and industrial landscapes by fulfilling the customer, industrial clients and consumer needs in different markets. The feedstock market will also add to the increasing demand and supply in the biofuel trade.There is a need to quantify the district wise availability of bio resources and to prepare a zone-wise recommendation for adopting appropriate technologies for converting the bio resources into biofuels. To utilize agricultural residue and achieve the next thing, second generation biofuels derived from ligno-cellulosic agricultural residue are increasingly attractive and preferred because they are expected to be more efficient than first generation biofuels as do not compete directly with the food production.
But again challenges persists in the adoption of second generation fuels. So, it becomes imperative to also focus upon the agricultural waste conversion into biofuels and not just be dependent on the liquid fuels primarily for infrastructure. The hour demands to adopt a visionary approach towards developing technologies for utilization of the agricultural wastes as well as practicable changes in Bio-Fuel policy for robust actions to achieve growth and development. For example – NTPC to reduce the Delhi’s pollution decided to buy the crop stubble to burn in the thermal power plants, blending close to 10 percent in the fuel mix by floating a tender at Rs 5,500 a ton for its plants. This will provide some relief to farmers as well as value creation.Link – http://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/ntpc-to-buy-crop-stubble-to-help-north-india-out-of-its-air-crisis-117111601350_1.html