Automation It can be inferred, from the above definition,

Automation technology has evolved to a stage where numerous
other technologies have emerged from it and have achieved a status of their
own. Robotic automation is one such technology which has been recognized as a
specialized field of automation where the automated machines have some human
like properties. The Robotic Industries Association (RIA) defines an industrial
robotic manipulator as follows:

“An industrial robot is a reprogrammable, multifunctional
manipulator designed to move materials, parts, tools, or specialized devices
through variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks.”

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Industrial robots are employed to automate a wide range of
industrial processes which are generally too dull, dangerous or dirty for human
operators. Moreover, advance robotic manipulators have enabled us to achieve
new levels of precision, accuracy, repeatability and productivity which are of
prime importance in many modern engineering applications. Robotic automation is
mostly used in the following industrial applications:

·        
Assembly

·        
Machine Tending

·        
Welding

·        
Material Removal

·        
Material Handling

·        
Palletization and De-Palletizing

·        
Vision Inspection

It can be inferred, from the above definition, that a
robotic manipulator enables precise motion along a pre-defined trajectory. But
a complete robotic automation solution involves much more than just achieving
desired movements. Each application has its own special need, leading to a
complicated design, simulation and configuration process, which makes robotic
integration very cumbersome and time consuming.

Selecting the right robotic arm, peripheral equipment and end-effector
has critical importance. Material handling in a press line, for example,
requires highly customized end-of-arm tooling with suitable end-effectors, with
or without special functions, to perform the desired task. Additional functions
like automatic tool changing, required for higher flexibility, make the integration
process more complex. With new applications emerging every year, it becomes
very important to develop standardized methodologies for designing, configuring
and integrating robots in order to keep project cost and time under control.

The following section describes the motivation and objectives
of this thesis project.