Assignment #1 Herman Ntuku February 1st2018This paper is the analysis of the basic genderarrangement that creates inequality between men and women and its disadvantageousimpacts for both women and men.
Some of the mention points will be supported byso vivid examples that have occurred in different context within the society.As much as it seems like gender arrangements differs among different societies,consider the example of parts of Asia where women participate in roadsconstruction while in Europe is considered men’s’ work. In other cultures men’s involved inpurchasing household items while women control the purchases, conversely,Islamic cultures men’s are responsible in controlling everything that relatedto family finances.One of the gender arrangementis division of labor, different works that are been divided between women andmen according to their gender can be referred to the gender division of labor.
Thesecategories of work is attributed partly because of biological traits; howeverin other societies women are doing works that are being considered as men’swork in other societies. In some societies works that are considered for womenare like cooking, cleaning, washing clothes, fetching for water, small scaleagriculture and others that have direct relation with house care, even if theyhave got a paid job. Other works that related to large scale farming,pastoralism, and deal with mechanical and or electrical are typically man’swork.However, division of laboras gender is concerned not all time is fixed; it varies and also it changes inrelation to wider changes in economic, political and social. Educationally,women still fare worse than their male counterparts.
As seen in rural areas,both males and females are disadvantaged; but, men are still more successfulthan half of their female counterparts. Some females don’t even receive anyformal education at all! The same trend can be seen in the urban workforcewhere only 20 percent of women have achieved this educational status. (FAO,2006)There is a huge difference between women and men employment rates, in2006 there was a different of 10 percentage points between men and women. Womenstill lag behind particularly in urban areas where they occupied 74.8 percentagainst 85.
1 percent of men (FAO, 2006). Societyassociate the particular work with the particular gender because of eitherbeing masculine or feminine. This is very bad perception among different genderin the society because women who are engineers by professional had to hidetheir talent, similarly women were not appointed in the military services andor as police office because they were regard as weak also they lack strength.
Likely, man could never become housekeeper; fashion designer also has neverengaged in household keeping as cooking, cleaning, washcloths, this took placetill last century.Ina long run, this creates a big disadvantage in career choices for both gendersin the society, which lead to encounter of the wrong people in the wrongcareer. Unlike the concept of division of labor, women’sdependency on men economically prove to be a fundamental properly of genderrelations in all industrial societies, few tries have been made so as to seehow far and to what extent this degree of dependency men support women.
Dependencyand support substantiate be the effect of a sexual division of labor in whichthe basic responsibility for women remain to be child care and house care whilemen have to obtaining an income for the family. In other word, despite real and importantchanges in women’s earned incomes, men have maintained their centrality as theprincipal supporter of the family, and women continue to have primaryresponsibility for family care. Men are still the more fortunate gender when itcomes to financial capabilities and sustaining their own livelihood. A wifemust still depend on her husband to keep her and the household financiallysound. The reality about support and dependency has been largely indistinguishable,that making it difficult to prove the theoretical claims on how important isit. (Barrett, 1980)Hence, a married couple is more likely tomake choices that advance the husband’s career at the expense of the wife’scareer. The argument is that economic support obligations are more likely toencourage individual growth and development, whereas dependence more often actsas a barrier to growth.
Women have found success in the form of subsistencefarming. This is only witnessed in the rural areas where women cede their malecounterparts; and are not as economically disadvantaged. However, rural laboris the only area where this can be seen and also where women are moreaccomplished. This is quite the opposite in the urban workforce where it ispredominately male.In conclusion, there is well-established reality thatgender arrangements, in recent years there has been rapid changes; Women’s labor force and participation indecision making rates are approaching those of men’s and their employmentpatterns over the life course are becoming less responsive to familyresponsibilities. Self-reliant among women’s gainful employment and involvementinto labor force, has no doubt that it lead to the family income andcontribution thus decrease the level of dependence on their men.
The governments in different countries andparticularly Tanzania has put more efforts as well as empower gender workinggroup that has been effective in various sectors like pressure groups, localgovernment, legal and education. Those groups helped to reinforce and integrategender aspects into different seminars, dialogues, policy formulation andimplementation as well as to monitor progress.Additionally, as new division of labor is concerned,the accountability among development actors, government, civil society and otherdevelopment agencies demonstrate great improvement. Although, there is a needfor government to enhance its capacity in order to reinforce gender issues intopractice.