As the way in which they process information. Like

As developing humans, we all go through a stage called

This is a development period between childhood and
adulthood (B.J Casey, 2008). Adolescents
go through a critical period where they mature and go through neurobiological
processes, due to this they undergo higher cognitive functions. This process is
called puberty. In this essay, I discuss in depth the stages and changes adolescences
go through and how this may impact their education. The aim of this essay is to
differentiate the causes in both male and females and find out as their body
and mind develop, how can this effect the way they learn. 1 in 10 students drop
out of university in their first year (
Zoe Williams,2010) . In this essay, I will discuss the causes of this and
what could be done to reduce the risk of this and if puberty which plays a role.
We also live in an era where social media and the internet plays a huge part in
the role of the social development of adolescence. Social media in an
adolescences social life could be what is causing lack of concertation and may
potentially affect their learning.

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 For most adolescent’s
school is a prominent part of their lives, here they relate to peers and
develop higher cognitive skills (American
Psychological Association, 2002). Males and Females differ when it comes to
emotional, cognitive and psychological changes, especially in physical
development. Due to these changes, they undergo higher cognitive functions and
social and emotional behavior. These changes may also affect their education
and the way in which they process information. Like I stated in the beginning
of this essay 1 in 10 students drop out of university in their first year This
stressful period of maturing affects cognitive and related hormonal responses
in male and female. During puberty adolescences tend to get lazy and the start
times of schools does not help this. The early school times force young people
to start functioning their brains and working. An investigation was carried out
to early adolescences in the sixth, seventh and eighth grades. ‘Results
indicated that during early adolescences late- maturing boys had the lowest
school achievement in language arts, literature and social studies whereas
females had the highest achievements in these domains’. ( Judith Sermon Dubas, 1991). According to ‘Gender, the Brain and
education’ by Angelea Josette Magon
(2009).  Decades of psychometric
testing and observation indicates that in general female brains process
languages more easier, earlier and faster than most males, while it is more
easier for males to excel at spatial- mechanical and gross motor skill tasks ( Clements Rimrodt et al. 2006). (Guiran
and Stevens 2004) state these differences are the reason why girls
outperform boys when it comes to reading and writing and why boys are most
likely to gravitate towards physical activities and video games. The way in
which males and females learn differently may affect their education slightly.
Males are failing which is resulting in them dropping out of higher education
more likely than females. The Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA)
indicates that 8 % males drop out of their studies in comparison with 6% of
women. So what can educators do to improve the way males learn? (Angelea Josette Magon, 2009) suggests
that during physical activities boys should be asked to describe their
experience verbally and in writing, by doing this this allows the language area
of their brains that lag behind females in development to be stimulated. ( Sax,
2006) reports that teachers in all boys schools have found that when giving
verbal instructions to males, it should be delivered in a loud voice. It is
said speaking softly puts boys to sleep and can be demonstrate weakness and
inferiority. (Sax ,2006) also suggest that verbal instructions should not be
too long or complex, especially when educating younger boys. It seems if these
minor procedures were carried out, it would benefit males when it comes to
learning and processing information and decrease in the number of males failing
in comparison to females. This would really have more of a positive impact on
their education.


networking has a vital influence on our lives. Social media helps when it comes
to political, economical and educational fields. Students usually use social
sites for many reasons such as communicating and studying. But still this is a
major distraction to students causing overall decline in their academic performance,
especially the ones who tend to check their social handles while studying.
Students are extremely busy accessing a number of sites other than studying and
researching for long hours which now creates a negative impact on their mind.
Students who attempt to multi-task by checking social media while studying,
show reduced academic performance, due to their concertation being reduced by
distractions (Mrs Vishranti raut, Mrs
Prafulla patil, 2016).  Adolescents
social development refer to their peers, family, school, work and community. In
order to establish greater independence from their parents or guardian’s
adolescents orient themselves towards their social peers and social media
allows them to do so. Social networking sites focus on building online
communities which can help with leadership skills from low-level planning.
Social media also helps to acquire knowledge. Students have access to google
and various sites that could with their learning. Although these are positive
impacts, social media has it’s negative impacts on adolescents education. Students’ academic performance
are affected by a large number of factors but the impact of social media on their
education is most important than any other factor. The popularity of social
media and the way information is published has now created a lax attitude
towards spelling and grammar. This reduces an adolescents ability to effectively
write without deepening on auto-correct or ‘spell-check’. Many students rely on
the accessibility of the internet that they depend on it so much to provide
them with answers, this means a reduced focus on learning and processing valid
information this has also decreased their willingness to spend more time
researching good information. Where as if they use their books they’re not
distracted by any digital devices. In a field study done by Mehmood & Taswir (2013), respondents
were asked if social media affects their academic work. From the results of the
1508 total respondents, 1120 representing 74.2% responded negative when asked
if the use of social media had improved their academic work, 301 representing
19.9% responded in the affirmative, whilst the rest of 87 of the respondents
which is 5.7% were not sure. This was because
it was confirmed in the study that most of the respondents use the social media
sites for other purposes rather than their academic work. The aim of this study was to make
students aware that the use of social media does affect their academic performance
in shape or form, whether it be positively or negatively.

From this study, as an
adolescent currently in university can say I learnt a lot and that it was a
very interesting study. Going through puberty and maturing I feel helps with
our cognitive development. Although I can’t speak on most adolescents, I feel
as we develop and mature we’re most likely to be more concentrated on our academic
studies. Where as being a toddler or pre-teen we had a short attention span and
wanted to other stuff like play and communicate with friends. As you mature
your brain develops and now can take in more information. Although
the ability to designate an adolescent as “mature” or “immature” neurologically
is complicated by the fact that neuroscientific data are continuous and highly
variable from person to person. I feel adolescents from the age 16+ are at
their stage of maturing. Social media does have a very huge impact on adolescence
education especially in our world today. It has negative and positive impacts on
education. What parents can simply do to reduce this is try and reduce the time
students use on their phones. And paying attention to their academic performances
and helping them in terms of extra-curricular activities that reduce their
chance from using their phones, for example grinds or mentoring. Changes adolescent
go through does not really impact education. As humans go through puberty and adolescence
and we have many doctors, nurses and scientist that went through puberty and it
did not affect them. The impact of adolescences on education depends on the individual
themselves and how they experience it.