As developing humans, we all go through a stage calledadolescence.This is a development period between childhood andadulthood (B.J Casey, 2008). Adolescentsgo through a critical period where they mature and go through neurobiologicalprocesses, due to this they undergo higher cognitive functions.
This process iscalled puberty. In this essay, I discuss in depth the stages and changes adolescencesgo through and how this may impact their education. The aim of this essay is todifferentiate the causes in both male and females and find out as their bodyand mind develop, how can this effect the way they learn. 1 in 10 students dropout of university in their first year (Zoe Williams,2010) .
In this essay, I will discuss the causes of this andwhat could be done to reduce the risk of this and if puberty which plays a role.We also live in an era where social media and the internet plays a huge part inthe role of the social development of adolescence. Social media in anadolescences social life could be what is causing lack of concertation and maypotentially affect their learning. For most adolescent’sschool is a prominent part of their lives, here they relate to peers anddevelop higher cognitive skills (AmericanPsychological Association, 2002). Males and Females differ when it comes toemotional, cognitive and psychological changes, especially in physicaldevelopment. Due to these changes, they undergo higher cognitive functions andsocial and emotional behavior. These changes may also affect their educationand the way in which they process information. Like I stated in the beginningof this essay 1 in 10 students drop out of university in their first year Thisstressful period of maturing affects cognitive and related hormonal responsesin male and female.
During puberty adolescences tend to get lazy and the starttimes of schools does not help this. The early school times force young peopleto start functioning their brains and working. An investigation was carried outto early adolescences in the sixth, seventh and eighth grades. ‘Resultsindicated that during early adolescences late- maturing boys had the lowestschool achievement in language arts, literature and social studies whereasfemales had the highest achievements in these domains’. ( Judith Sermon Dubas, 1991). According to ‘Gender, the Brain andeducation’ by Angelea Josette Magon(2009). Decades of psychometrictesting and observation indicates that in general female brains processlanguages more easier, earlier and faster than most males, while it is moreeasier for males to excel at spatial- mechanical and gross motor skill tasks ( Clements Rimrodt et al. 2006).
(Guiranand Stevens 2004) state these differences are the reason why girlsoutperform boys when it comes to reading and writing and why boys are mostlikely to gravitate towards physical activities and video games. The way inwhich males and females learn differently may affect their education slightly.Males are failing which is resulting in them dropping out of higher educationmore likely than females. The Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA)indicates that 8 % males drop out of their studies in comparison with 6% ofwomen. So what can educators do to improve the way males learn? (Angelea Josette Magon, 2009) suggeststhat during physical activities boys should be asked to describe theirexperience verbally and in writing, by doing this this allows the language areaof their brains that lag behind females in development to be stimulated. ( Sax,2006) reports that teachers in all boys schools have found that when givingverbal instructions to males, it should be delivered in a loud voice. It issaid speaking softly puts boys to sleep and can be demonstrate weakness andinferiority.
(Sax ,2006) also suggest that verbal instructions should not betoo long or complex, especially when educating younger boys. It seems if theseminor procedures were carried out, it would benefit males when it comes tolearning and processing information and decrease in the number of males failingin comparison to females. This would really have more of a positive impact ontheir education. Socialnetworking has a vital influence on our lives. Social media helps when it comesto political, economical and educational fields. Students usually use socialsites for many reasons such as communicating and studying. But still this is amajor distraction to students causing overall decline in their academic performance,especially the ones who tend to check their social handles while studying.
Students are extremely busy accessing a number of sites other than studying andresearching for long hours which now creates a negative impact on their mind.Students who attempt to multi-task by checking social media while studying,show reduced academic performance, due to their concertation being reduced bydistractions (Mrs Vishranti raut, MrsPrafulla patil, 2016). Adolescentssocial development refer to their peers, family, school, work and community. Inorder to establish greater independence from their parents or guardian’sadolescents orient themselves towards their social peers and social mediaallows them to do so. Social networking sites focus on building onlinecommunities which can help with leadership skills from low-level planning.Social media also helps to acquire knowledge.
Students have access to googleand various sites that could with their learning. Although these are positiveimpacts, social media has it’s negative impacts on adolescents education. Students’ academic performanceare affected by a large number of factors but the impact of social media on theireducation is most important than any other factor. The popularity of socialmedia and the way information is published has now created a lax attitudetowards spelling and grammar.
This reduces an adolescents ability to effectivelywrite without deepening on auto-correct or ‘spell-check’. Many students rely onthe accessibility of the internet that they depend on it so much to providethem with answers, this means a reduced focus on learning and processing validinformation this has also decreased their willingness to spend more timeresearching good information. Where as if they use their books they’re notdistracted by any digital devices. In a field study done by Mehmood & Taswir (2013), respondentswere asked if social media affects their academic work. From the results of the1508 total respondents, 1120 representing 74.2% responded negative when askedif the use of social media had improved their academic work, 301 representing19.
9% responded in the affirmative, whilst the rest of 87 of the respondentswhich is 5.7% were not sure. This was becauseit was confirmed in the study that most of the respondents use the social mediasites for other purposes rather than their academic work. The aim of this study was to makestudents aware that the use of social media does affect their academic performancein shape or form, whether it be positively or negatively.From this study, as anadolescent currently in university can say I learnt a lot and that it was avery interesting study. Going through puberty and maturing I feel helps withour cognitive development. Although I can’t speak on most adolescents, I feelas we develop and mature we’re most likely to be more concentrated on our academicstudies. Where as being a toddler or pre-teen we had a short attention span andwanted to other stuff like play and communicate with friends.
As you matureyour brain develops and now can take in more information. Althoughthe ability to designate an adolescent as “mature” or “immature” neurologicallyis complicated by the fact that neuroscientific data are continuous and highlyvariable from person to person. I feel adolescents from the age 16+ are attheir stage of maturing. Social media does have a very huge impact on adolescenceeducation especially in our world today. It has negative and positive impacts oneducation. What parents can simply do to reduce this is try and reduce the timestudents use on their phones.
And paying attention to their academic performancesand helping them in terms of extra-curricular activities that reduce theirchance from using their phones, for example grinds or mentoring. Changes adolescentgo through does not really impact education. As humans go through puberty and adolescenceand we have many doctors, nurses and scientist that went through puberty and itdid not affect them. The impact of adolescences on education depends on the individualthemselves and how they experience it.