Modernism is often referred to as a deliberate departure from society as its traditional values, as a break away from everyday life and use of uniqueness, and the use of innovative forms of expressions that distinguish many styles in the art and literature of the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. In the story Camus expresses almost a form of anarchy, if you will, from Daru. The story start in a schoolhouse in the desert which is being described as being away from the town and its society.
This is very mportant in this story because it builds a modernist type of setting by telling us how desolate and far away from everyone else this place is, making the reader feel almost as he were there in the lonely schoolhouse. Daru feels that he must free himself from the constraints of a smothering civilization by moving to region that is only bound by the horizon and the sky, as Daru describes in the beginning of the story. Camus wishes to show that only when a man realizes that he can be distinct and separate from the whole that is humanity, is he then capable of being whole within himself.
Next, the forcing of the care of the prisoner onto Daru is another example of modernism because Daru, after being told he must take the prisoner into his care, cannot believe the obligation that the government thrusts upon its individuals. After he realizes that the people in power expect him to follow their orders his response is, the orders? I m not…. I mean thats not my job. Darus reply can almost remind oneself of Cane s reply to God after the murder of Abe: I am not my brothers keeper. However this is not the intent of Camus. Darus is not the killer, the Arab is the one who has committed the murder.
It would be more appropriate to consider Daru as Seth, the new brother who has allowed Cane to live out his guilt and punishment. Another example is his discussion with Balucci about the weapon. Balucci insists that Daru have a weapon for protection and asks him if he owns a gun. When Daru replies that he has a shotgun but its in the other room, Barlucci then insists he have a weapon for protection and gives his second weapon to him. When Barlucci leaves he goes into the other room nd leaves the weapon that Barlucci gave him on the desk, thus ignoring the wishes of Barlucci, and formulating his own trust with the Arab prisoner.
That night after the prisoner and Daru went to sleep, Daru realized that the prisoner was getting up and almost thought twice about the gun, but when he finally realized that he could trust the prisoner and that he wouldn t kill him, all he did was turn over and fall back asleep. The next day when Darus and the prisoner woke up they set off into the desert for their destination. They get to a certain point and Daru then hands the prisoner some food and gives him instructions to follow the path and go to the destination on his own. The prisoner is flabbergasted and remains there for a few seconds.
When Daru walks away, the first time he looks over his shoulder and he sees the prisoner standing there in awe, the second time he looks over his shoulder he sees the prisoner walking along the path to the destination he is supposed to be going to. Daru gave the prisoner the choice of running away from his trespasses or accepting his esponsibility of his actions and going to the destination by himself, which makes the reader ponder the question of what might happen when society quits shoving its judgment on a persons shoulder and allows him to pick up and carry his own load.
This is a prime example of modernism because this is not the norm of what a person would be doing when given the responsibility of a high stature such as this. All of these examples that Camus uses in the story help the reader get a view of modernism by the way he describes the scenery, his attitude owards taking the prisoner, the decision not to use the gun, and the final trusting of the prisoner to go on his own to his set destination.
This relates to modernism by setting an example of the trust that wouldn t normally be there using societies set of laws, but by going against society and trusting what u feel is the right thing to do. Camus main objective in the story was to describe Daru as a derelict from society and to show that not everyone who defies the norm gets hurt by it, but may benefit from it using their common sense and judgment.