Although the allegorical message appears complete after the knight slays the Dragon of Errour in Canto I, Spenser uses her vile offspring to demonstrate how evil is not only able to reproduce itself but also self-destruct.
Before her battle with the knight, the dragon’s depraved offspring are shown suckling poison from her, which will eventually lead to the end of the succession of Errour indefinitely. The dragon’s offspring are representative in how evil is able to reproduce itself, but also assist in the line of Errour’s endless defeat. After the slaying of their mother, the offspring hover around her carcass while they, “sucked up their dying mothers blood,/Making her death their life, and eke her hurt their good ” (cite pg 6). This illustration shows how the offspring’s suckling of the evil blood from their beheaded mother causes the end of their succession which demonstrates evil’s tendency to self-destruct. The illustration of the Dragon of Errour and her offspring as representations of a self-destructive evil that can never triumph is comparable to Satan’s own demise by way of inflated pride in himself during his attempt to defeat God. Pope’s claim to man that the Universe was created perfectly according to the divine plan of God, who is holy and virtuous, even though evil still remains in accordance with natural law, is strengthened by Spenser’s explanation of evil as a product of goodness.
Spencer’s justification aids in explaining to man why he should not question the concept of evil within God’s world for mankind due to evil’s inability to triumph over good and it’s innate self-destructive behavior. Essay On Man’s first epistle describes man’s place in the universe and emphasizes that all things are fated according to God’s divine plan. Pope explains that everything happens for good reason, and man should not attempt to question God’s greater idea or the relationships between His creations, which man cannot necessarily come to understand because he is a part of it. When evil strikes upon man, man is left to question why these things happen. But the things that man sees as different are all “but parts of one stupendous whole, / Whose body nature is, and God the soul” (line 267-268) and “Whatever is, is right” (line 294).
Thus every part of the universe, even evil, has complete purpose.