Accreditationis the voluntary peer review with an educational institution or program thatone must meet a certain criterion to achieve agency grant recognition forprogram of study. Essentials and guidelines or standards are created by theboard of the organizations known as joint review committee (JRC). Entry to anaccredited program involves applying to program, approval of application, andself-study through the school standards. Joint Review Committee on Education inRadiologic Technology (JRCERT) established in 1969 has accredited more than 750programs in radiography, radiation therapy, medical dosimetry, and magnetic resonanceimaging. Certification organization is an examination of a specializedprofessional skill one must achieve to gain agency grant recognition. Accreditationdeals with the school in the program but with certification it is solely thepersons responsibility to take the examination and pass.
Certification examcharges fees to take exam and annual fees occur thereafter to maintaincertification, but failure to achieve the exam requires one to retake exam, or returnto school to retake the program. Nuclear Medicine Technology CertificationBoard (NMTCB) founded in 1977, is an example of a certification board whoexamines and certifies eligible candidates and periodically publishes listingof registrants. NMTCB has approximately 15,000 registrants, and offersexaminations for nuclear medicine technologists. Professional society isinterests of various groups to the public and to governmental bodies that helpsmembers continue education, publishing professional journals, raising publicawareness, conducting educational meeting, scholarship, and providing researchgrants. American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT) founded in 1920,with over 140,000 members achieve to advance professions of radiologictechnology and imaging specialties, further welfare and socioeconomics ofradiologic technologists. A radiologist organization American Society forTherapeutic Radiology and Oncology incorporated in November 18, 1958 is anorganization that extends benefits of radiation therapy to patients with canceror other disorders. The ASTRO organization provide education and researchthrough awards, travel grants, and accredited technology programs.
ASTRO alsocontinues to work with other medical organizations and specialties to shareresearch and information that could someday lead to a cure for cancer. Medicalradiation is the use of radiation in various forms to help diagnose and treatmedical conditions. Radiation which is energy transmitted by waves throughspace or through a medium allows one to capture and analyze images to properlytreat patients, create anatomic images through sound waves (sonograms), and theprocess of ionization which helps a neutral atom gain or lose an electron, thusacquiring a net charge are some examples of how radiation helps us in themedicine world. Medical radiation uses sources such as x-rays, computerized tomography,and magnetic resonance imaging to detect images and sounds throughout the body.
The founding of radiologic technology is thanks to Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen whoinvented x-rays. Wilhelm Conrad R?ntgen received a Nobel Prize in 1901 for hisreport about his findings of x-rays in “On a New Kind of Rays”, to the WurzburgPhysico-Medical Society. On November 8, 1895 R?ntgen produced an infamous imageof his wife hand supporting his finding of x-ray. The German physicist wasexperimenting the electric current flow in partial evacuated glass tube thatheld a cathode and anode, and realized the barium platinocyanide formedfluorescent lighting. R?ntgen named his experiment x- radiation because x wasthe term used in mathematics for the unknown which fit at the time, anothername used is roentgen rays. The Finding of the x-ray led to many different opportunitiesin the field of radiologic technology that opened the door way for radiography,nuclear medicine, radiation therapy, and many more. Opportunities in radiologictechnology that I would like to pursue is computed tomography (CT) it is therecording of a predetermined plane in the body using an x-ray beam that ismeasured, recorded, and then processed by a computer for display on monitor,printed on film or transferred to a CD or DVD.
Using specialized equipment andexpertise to create and interpret CT scans of the body, radiologists can moreeasily diagnose problems such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, infectiousdisease, appendicitis, trauma and musculoskeletal disorders.