According disguise when it comes to industrial treated sewage

According
to Burnett, Wynveen, Theodori and Fox (2009), in research that was conducted in Northern and Central Texas
regarding the perception of the public regarding desalinated water from oil and
gas companies around their area. The results revealed that only a small number
of the respondents who took part in the research were aware that such water is
of good quality and it meets the thresholds to be
used as drinking water. According to the data obtained from the
research, it was evident that most individuals
used salinized water from oil and gas production industries in chores that were not associated with the direct injection
of the water into their bodies or with their animals. In addition, few individuals appreciated the technology used in the
treatment of sewage water from oil and gas industries and thus acknowledging
that such water could be safely used for
purposes such as drinking and cooking and other functions as watering of
animals. The research, therefore, was a clear suggestion that the public perception
about treated industrial water is clean and safe for the consumption was such a
negative one, and just a few among the
millions appreciate the fact that such water is safe and clean for the consumption
of human being (Burnett, Wynveen, Theodori and Fox 2009).

According
to Russell, Lux, andHampton, the public is always filled with disguise when it comes to
industrial treated sewage water most particularly to potable water and more likely, they have a bad perception with the
water when it comes to personal contact with the water such as bathing, drinking, and cooking. The scholars acknowledge that the Yuck factor and the fact
that other take the water for granted has contributed to the developing of
negative perception to most individuals about treated water. Therefore, even if
the water is treated, it becomes
difficult to overcome the human instincts that the water originated from a
sewage effluent obtained from the manufacturing of gas and oil. In most cases, they
associate such effluents to poison and
the beginning of most waterborne diseases
and the other terminal illnesses such as cancer due to the chemical compounds
present in a gas and oil production plant (Russell, Hampton & Lux, 2009).

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Many
projects dealing with the industrial water treatment have been and will
continue to be interrupted by the opposition from the public leading to an increased
literature review that will increase acceptance of treated industrial
water by the public due to its negative perception towards the treated industrial water. In this regard, the
scholars and the involved parties in the treatment of the industrial water are dedicated to educating the public on the general importance of using treated
water (Ormerod, 2016).

According to Walter 2010, the community portrays
various perceptions regarding the use of industrial treated water depending on
the purposes to which the treated water was reused. Because of this, a research
conducted in San Francisco revealed that the public had different opinions
regarding the purposes of industrial treated water. For example, it was
determined that 30% of the respondents approved the water to be used in
agricultural irrigation, 90% of the respondents agreed that the water be used
in concrete production and 18 % we in agreement of the portable uses of the
treated water. From the same research also, it was established a number of
respondents were not sure on how treated wastewater from industries should be
put into use. The table below shows the reaction on the level of acceptance on
various uses of treated industrial water by various respondents:

The
goal of industrial water treatment is to remove the solid wastes in it, the
pathogenic microbes and chemical contaminators that are found in untreated water. In this case, the sludge is the solid
by-product obtained from the treatment of
waste water from the oil and gas companies. As a result, of the bans of dumping
sludge in oceans, offered in the United States and the United Kingdom, sludge
is typically landfilled, incinerated or
applied to land to act as a fertilizer (Walters, 2010). The above is because sewage waste from industries contains
nutrients from the human wastes which can make the soil rich in nutrients since
an additional treatment will reduce the bad odor, heavy metals and other
harmful bacteria which will make the latter used
to the soil (Smith, 2015).
Despite its benefits, however, the use of
sludge from industrial treated water on land has faced a lot of opposition from
the public. In this regard, therefore,
the engineers and the management of the industries that treat their wastewater
have become the center of attraction to
the public and most scholars. According to research conducted in the fields of
Environmental studies, Soil Engineering, Agriculture and biology have proven
the implication of the using manufactured industrial products such as
fertilizer and treated industrial water not only in Agriculture and the
environment but also if consumed or used by the public. This is because a continued application of sludge from treated
industrial water into the soil will result in
a pile-up heavy metal, harmful organisms
and eventually will lead to the depreciation of the value of the soil (Walters, 2010).

Industrial
wastewater treatment is designed to preserve and maintain a healthy state of
the human life and the healthiness of the environment in general. Together, all
of these have contributed to the mushrooming of water treatment plants and
companies initiated by the governments, municipal council and private
companies. Currently, water engineers and other water experts recognize the
treatment of water to be the cheapest and the easiest way of providing water to
the public (GE Power and Water, 2012). On the same note, according to the
National Research Council’s assessment on the reuse of water states that the
use of reclaimed industrial water is to supplement portable water to possess great potentials of meeting the futures
increasing demand for water (GE Power and Water, 2012). Therefore, for long-term
water planners, investing in water
treatment plants is one of the most lucrative projects they will engage in. However, the confidence shared by the
experts who deal with the treatment of water more so in industries is not the
same confidence shared by the public on the usage of treated water or sludge (GE Power and Water, 2012).