Accordingto World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) (2007), tourism is a phenomenon that canbe social, cultural or economic. It is the movement of people from one place toanother that is not their typical environment for several purposes that can bepersonal – leisure; or professional – business. Tourism can be the activitiesof tourists, visitors and/or non-residents. They stay a minimum of one nightand a maximum of one year in a different environment (UNWTO, 2015). Tourism is aphenomenon with long history, adopted by many economies in the world such asSpain and Greece, because it brings income as well as job opportunities to thedestination (UNWTO, 2015).
Destinations needto be developed in a proper way to accommodate visitors, such as improving theinfrastructure and accessibilities. However, the destination has also to beconscious how tourism development can affect the local community. Theimportance of a proper tourism development is to avoid permanent footprints onthe environments of destinations. The community needs to be aware about the majorchanges that might happen on the area, such as the increase of people visitingthe site and the pressures on infrastructure. The Stakeholders and Governmentneed to guarantee a sustainable development that will bring only benefits forthe economy and population – in quality of life.The thesis will present briefly destinations, such ascountries, city or tourist attractions that is having the impacts of tourism,in a positive or negative way.
It will also give example of how tourism can bea sustainable success when it has the proper management and planning. The casestudy will be Barceloneta, one of the most famous neighbourhood of Barcelonathat during the summer suffers from the excess of tourists on the beaches andon the streets of the area.