AbstractGender roles are based on the expectations that individuals,grouping, and humanity have of other individuals based on their sex fondness and on society’s importance and beliefs about gender.
Gender roles are the making of the interactions between an individual’s and the environments, a which gives an individual’s a clue about what sort of behavior is allowed for it to be appropriate for what sex. Suitable gender roles are interpret according to society’s beliefs about the differences between the sexes. The expectations about what women and men should be docent and shape how women and men actually are. Men and women have historically engaged different roles in society. As humanity has developed, the social roles of and the stereotypes of , men and women have also changed. We may, expect there to be a changing component of gender stereotyping that affects the perception of men and women in the past, present, and future.There are different traditions and expectations in genders.Gender Roles Throughout History (2017, March 01) states that since the earlier civilization women have always played more of a domestic role as in men who will be providers for the family.
For instance, in hunting and gathering times men would hunt and women would gather and mostly prepare for men.This still applies today because men are looking as bread winners while women have more of a domestic role. Women have never really played a role in jobs until World War II when they were lack of men to fulfill jobs as recent as 1940’s up until then there were no women doing those jobs. In 1940, 28 percent of women took part in the labor force by 1944, the percentage had grown to 36 percent. Even after world war 2 women were back to being defined by gender roles even after serving with men in the war and fulfilling jobs .Although we are no longer in the 1800’s or 1900’s women and men will always be treated differently no matter what we do .Our society overtime have separated men and women by giving them rules as to what to do, say, think and;sees women more as an object then as humans and men as superior compared to women.
Contemporary living or occurring at the same time. According to Bem, the first lens, androcentrism (male-centeredness), defines males and male experience as a standard or norm and females and female experience as a deviation from that norm.But how have gender roles really changed over time? Well they haven’t changed much over time,although we’ve had some breakthroughs such as multiple genders. We not only have our traditional genders male and female, there’s Agender , Androgyne ,Bigender,Genderqueer / non-binary and Pangender. Contemporary gender roles, on the other hand, often show both traditional elements and egalitarian(believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities) and androgynous( partly male and partly female in appearance)elements.Contemporary scripts have given more identification to female sexuality; however, women are still not granted full sexual equality with males.
Males possess exclusively instrumental traits, while Females possess exclusively expressive ones. Today women have different gender roles women can work,they can have disciplinary say, some are bread winners of the household and now have more power over what happens in the house.Men are less “masculine” ,cook for the family,stay at home and clean,more nurturing and caring and have less power over women.Gender roles over the years have changed drastically. Women are able to do more things and men have learned to accept this and become less overpowering.
Traditionally, the role of the homemaker is associated with a woman and the role of a breadwinner is associated with a male.Traditional gender roles for males typically include a series of traits that apply to all men no matter what race or ethnicity they are. Some traits are aggressiveness, emotional toughness, independence, feelings of superiority, and decisiveness .Males are mostly looked on as being more power-oriented than females, and they express higher levels of aggression, dominance, and competitiveness. Among Whites, the traditional female gender role is concentrated around women as wives and mothers.
When an adolescent reaches womanhood, she is envisioned to get married and bare children.These traditional gender roles do not enhance to African American women. There are many different reasons on why , but African American women traditionally are in the labor force. Latinas and Asians also follow different traditional female gender roles.
Instead of fitting into the gender roles for white middle class women, they are expected to follow stereotypical gender roles that are distinguish by their cultures.During my research I used the enculturated-lens theory as it goes into depth into gender roles. This theory helped me find the hidden impressions embedded in our cultural discussions and social institutions and reveal the male power and oppress women and sexual minorities.