Abstract – Right from the 90’s, TamilNaudu has been facing the problem ofborder sharing among India and SriLanka. Though Government has takenthis problem in concern and borders havebeen shared officially, fishermen of eitherside are suffering from serious problemsknowingly or unknowingly. This projectscomes up with idea of building up amobile application that can help outfishermen which enable them to watch outtheir location in sea and connectingvarious fishermen communities through asocial media which would dramaticallystrengthen fishermen community towardsjuristically approaches. This also allowthem to make a step towards or surviveDigital Emerging IndiaI.
INTRODUCTIONEver since the India-Sri Lankamaritime border have been created, theproblems of fishermen capture has beentaking place. On the basis of census 2014,there are 3,288 marine fishing villages.The total Marine fisher folk populationwas about 4 million comprising in 864,550families in Tamilnadu. Those which 38%marine fisher folk were engaged in activefishing with 85% of them having full timeengagement and 63.6% of the fisher folkwere engaged in fishing activities. Theproblem lies in the fact that India and SriLanka share a 400km maritime border.The Tamil Nadu factor in India-Sri Lankamaritime border issue has been for pastfew years. Incidents happen frequentlywhenever the fishermen from Tamil Naduare getting shot dead at The Sri Lankan’smaritime boundary.
Aout 25,000 boatsfrom Tamilnadu has involved inconducting fishing along the India-SriLaka maritime border. Since then thefishing activity is not being done peaceful.Tamil Nadu fishermen are arrested, orshot, by the Sri Lankan Navy. Hence thisborder crossing issue leads to loss in theboth humans as well as theireconomicincomes. To develop the effectivetool toprovide the safe navigation systemthrough waterways is vital thing global.The branch of autonomous deals with thenavigation technology thus provides theinformation about exact position of fesselsin open sea, there by the fisher men canidentify whether they are inside the borderor not.Though State and CentralGovernment has took many measures insaving fishermen in sea such as DAT1etc.
,India-Sri Lanka Maritime BorderIt has evolved since 1974 alongthe Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannarwhere fishermen has full freedom to fishwithin their territories2The problems of Indian and SriLankan fishermen in the Palk Bay appeareverlasting. The attributable causes are theinstances of Indian fishermen beingprevented from fishing, facing harassmentand arrest by the Sri Lankan Navy (SLN),and also the nearly 200 deaths resultingfrom SLA operations involvinginterdictions and firings on suspicion of theIndian trawlers aiding LTTE and gunrunning while fishing in the area, asreported over the past decade. However,nothing substantive has emerged till date, interms of a consensus on evolving aframework of response from the Indian sidefrom Tamilnadu on how to deal with thesituation or how to enable different centralgovernments to do so. With the newNational Democratic Alliance (NDA)government in power there are highexpectations of a solution.The above statement was given byIndian Institute for Defense Studies andAnalysis2II.
LITERATURE SURVEYIn association with Indian RegionalNavigation Satellite System (IRNSS)3,this project fore come with concept ofcreating a mobile application forsafeguarding daily life of fishermen in SeaFig.1.1.India-SriLankaMaritimeBorder4Positions Lattitude And Longitude4Position 1 10° 05′.0 N 80° 03′.0 EPosition 2 10° 05′.8 N 80° 05′.
0 EPosition 3 10° 08′.4 N 80° 09′.5 EPosition 4 10° 33′ 0 N 80° 46′.0 EPosition 5 10° 41′.
7 N 81° 02′.5 EPosition 6 11° 02′.7 N 81° 56′.
0 EPosition7 11°16′.0N 82° 24′.4EPrevious inventions has led a usefulpath in tracking location of fishermen usingseveral series of pentagon formats5Previous papers detailed only on Geofencing, path tracking, distress alert andemergency systems.
One of the best specifications as perprevious papers is usage of GPS63Fig 1.2 IRNSS Working PlanPreviously proposed surveys andpapers included use of GNSS. Indianmaritime boundary line value is stored inGNSS. At the time of movement of theboat, GNSS calculates the longitude andlatitude of the boat from satellite. GNSS isconnected with alarm device. Theautomatic warning systems include thesaved waypoint values of the display inGNSS and is checked with constantmaritime boundary values.
If the result ofthe comparison shows the boats is beyondthe country area (area 1km near to maritimeboundary) then fishermen is alerted7III. PROPOSED WORKOBJECTIVES :This providesA. tracking the fishermenB. measuring distance of fishermanfrom India-Sri Lanka MaritimeBorderC. Social Media connectingFishermen CommunityA. Tracking the fishermenUsing GPS and suitable equipments, wecome up with idea of tracking path ofthe fishermen.
This initially consist offollowing processesLocation Detection – Navigation withIndia Constellation (NavlC) 7th satelliteof Indian Regional Satellite NavigationSystem3B. Measuring distance of Fishermanfrom India-Sri Lanka MaritimeBorderGeo Fencing SystemBoundaries resembling themaritime borders are drawn with someof add on features namely Safe Zone,Limited Zone and Danger Zone.Fig 1.2 Diagramatic sketch oflevels to be consideredSafe Zone is upto which fishermen canfish independently4Limited Zone is upto which fishermenhave the right to fishDanger Zone is where the fishermenhave risk chances” Once the fishermen enter the dangerzone, automatic message would be sent toIndian Navy which would warn fishermenor handle tough situations if occurs.
“This software compares the location offishermen with location of the Safe Zone ,Limited Zone and Danger zone , calculatesthe distance between them and reports anupdated informationC. Social Media connectingFishermen CommunityThe app too provides a socialnetwork which would connect differentfishermen community. This may help inproviding informations regarding? Government Developmental Plans? Avoid exploiting particular region insea? Improve Income of Fishermen? Declaration of Cyclone in aparticular area? Breeding Period of Fishes andAvailability of Fishes? Direct request section to MinistryProposed system not only helpsfishermen during emergency situations butalso help in increased productivity. Thisalso appreciates unity among differentcommunities of fishermen.
IV. CONCLUSIONIt is useful safe mode of navigation forfishermen. The design of the device can bemade smaller than proposed by modifyingthe design specification.
This can preventthe small scale fishermen from cossingInternational border. The efficiency can beimprovised by implementing GPSsysytems.This can also be used as distress alertsystem to coast guard section whenever thefishermen face any calamities within theocean.Improving the technologies can makethis cost efficient and aids in identifyingdensity of fishes in sea6.REFERENCES1 Distress Alert Transmitter2http://www.idsa.in/idsacomments/IndiaSriLankaFishermenProblem_gsen_1806143 IRNSS SIGNAL IN SPACE ICD FORSPS VERSION 1.1 by ISRO4http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Regional_Navigational_Satellite_System5 Ramesh Advay-“FishErmen LifelineTerminal-FELT”6 A.Senthilkumar-“Portable LifeProtection Sysytem For Fishermen UsingGlobal Positioning System”7 M.Santhosh Samuel, S.Sarathkumar,D.Sankar-“Guarding Fishermen on IndianMaritime Boudaries using GNSS andCloud Computing” presentes atInternational Confrence on Advances inComputer Engineering & Applications(ICACEA-2014) at IMSEC, GZB8 http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/madurai/85-fishermenkilled-by-Sri-Lanka-in-10-yearsGovt/articleshow/15540452.cms