“A Doll’s House” by the authorHenrik Ibsen it is about the position and role of the women in the society andin the family in the past years and, also how all the stereotypes have changeduring the time. The woman from the beginning of the humanity has had to crossa road full of obstacles to manage her condition of mother and to have thepossibility of participating in the society. Her physical aspect, smaller thanthat of man, kept her away from activities that demanded physical effort, tasksreserved for men, which naturally have a more robust structure.Forinstance, in the Middle east, things became stricter and more definitive forthe history of women in history. The world was consolidated as a whole in whichmen were the center, the only ones who had the possibility of knowing andunderstanding the truth revealed by God. In this way the knowledge wascentralized in the religious and some lay people who had the privilege of beingthere.
Knowledge then became a powerful weapon in which, combined with theChurch, left the woman relegated to be wife and mother (Mary Mikahel, 2012) . WhenHenrik Ibsen wrote this play in the 1900’s Century, the marriage as an institution was holy and untouchable; women had to staywith their husbands, knowing her role, her responsibilities and understand thatthey have to serve her husband in any time. The function of women or individual in the past and in the present in the societyis related how culture provided an pre-image of how an indivual have to respondor act in determine place or moment (Lynne Masel Walters and TimothyN, 2005).
Mentioned this, we canrelate the function of the women in marriage with Nora’s marriage as product restrictedonly for the pleasures and needs of the man. Women was normally physically,emotionally and psychologically abuse and treated in a very unfair way. Mexican culture had or even still have thetendency of being “machista”, we can understand the term of machista as: “A strong or exaggerated sense of traditional masculinity placing great value on physical courage, virility, domination of women, and aggressiveness”.
There is said in Spanish it goes like that: “The womenonly serve to have it loaded and hung”. Putting in context this said for the “machista”perspective, women only serve to have child or be pregnant and be use as anornament. Probably Torvald do nottreated Nora in this exagarate way but, he treated her in a way that do notcorresponded as wife or an adult woman. Themarriage life of Nora in “A Doll’s House” had only one role and it was not ofbeing a wife, a supporter or a helper, it was a to be little doll, a Torvald’slittle doll (Act 1-1,2). Nora as a wifeprobably understand the role of Torvald in the marriage and treats him as a manof the house, as the leader and as the provider.
But also she sees him as thatkind of man who have the authority to do whatever he wants does not matter howshe feels, what she wants or what she needs, only thinking on him and hisneeds. ProbablyNora at the beginning of the play she did not do nothing to change this becausethe society played an important role for her actions and decisions. Culture andsociety did not give much freedom to make decisions or speak for herself.
The society in the past destroyed the image of thewomen and make this as normal fact in any culture. Women dignity it is not inthe richness, or in the physical aspect or even in the professional success, wecan describe that “the dignity of the human person is rooted in his own being”,culture or society could say many different things about the value of women,but each women have to confront and face any paradigm to destroy it and changeit (Hendrik Hartog, 2016). In part ofthe play Torvald calls Nora by nicknames as “my little wastrel” or “my littlelark” and he forced Nora to dance for him. Nora does not say nothing or denyabout this even when she felt as an insult this request, but as culture factNora had to listen her no matter what his dignity was trampled. Violenceagainst women, and in particular that which occurs in the family environment,has traditionally been viewed as a problem of a private nature conditioning orlimiting political action, public debate and even judicial proceedings. It istrue that the reality of women is different depending on the geographicallocation in which it is located. The great variety of countries that make upthe planet causes us to find multiple models applicable to the situation inwhich a certain woman finds herself. Each country regulates the gender issue ina different way, in such a way that women are integrated or separated fromsociety to a greater or lesser extent and depending on the socio-culturalstructure of each society.
Generally, there is usually a co-responsibilitybetween a better situation of women in developed countries in the face of asituation of greater discrimination in developing countries. The role of womenin each of the societies depends on many factors that condition their lives,such as culture, traditions and religion. The role of women has been change, from thebeginning of the construction of society, to the strictly family sphere.Progressively, women will assume other roles in the public sphere after thedemands made to achieve progress in the gains that the other gender, men, wereacquiring according to the evolution of the world (Lynne Masel Walters and Timothy N). Women from developed countries have beenincorporated into the development of their countries as a result of a searchand a constant desire to obtain equality with men, while maintaining respectfor diversity. The woman has been aware that her incorporation into society cannotbe carried out through a displacement policy that would have resulted in afrontal rejection of her positions (Catherine I. Bolzedahl and Daniel J.
Myers,20014).Otherillustration in the play where the women role is denigrated in a certain waywas when Nora has to obtain a loan to save her husband’s life (Act 2-20,21).This demonstrates that a women’s conjugal part in “A Doll’s House” isless prevailing than the man’s part, and also Torvald probably make do Norathings or resolve problems that he had to resolve. Allthis ideals and problems probably represent a woman with the desire of being anormal person. However,this act by Nora to save her husband also we can see it as a criminal actforging the papers, she not knowing the way of this is the real meaning of the actwhich is just a wrong doing since she is a lady. Other feedback hasconcentrated on her adolescence and silly coyness – not recognizing that she isapparently assuming a part that Torvald needs her to play, that she is adjustingto the generalization of wifely conduct that Torvald expects and needs from her(Saman Salah-Nasfer Adbul, 40). Robert A.
Pollak (1994) argues that thedefinition of power comes from psychology and political sciences. We can understandthe roles in the marriage in many cases are decided by the society. Thepolitical aspect in the women role have a debate of the women’s rights. At thetime of the play opportunities for middle-class women were very limited, beinglargely limited to low–paid clerical work. Ibsen concerns about the position of women insociety are brought to life in A Doll’s House. He believed that women had aright to develop their own individuality, but in reality, their role was oftenself-sacrifical. Women were not treated as equals with men, either in relationto their husbands or society, as is clear from Torvald’s horror of hisemployees thinking he has been influenced in a decision about Krogstad’s job byhis wife.
Women could not conduct business or control their own money, forwhich they needed the authorization of the man who ‘owned’ them husband,brother or father. The feminism for the society in the 19th century wasseen without importance and really capable for only little girly things or eventhe women pubic activities had been largely ignored (Claire Goldberg Moses,2012). However now in the days the whole feminist things have change in apositive way for them (Catherine I. Bolzedahl and Daniel J. Myers,20014). The ways of seeking (and finding) the place of women in today’s society changed. Because it changed the woman’s place. The society, culture and countries are very far from those feminists of the 70 who fought for gender equality, demanding the possibility of accessing places that were forbidden for the female gender (Catherine I.
Bolzedahl and Daniel J. Myers,20014). No doubt women are conquering new weapons and gaining different positions in different areas since the cultural to political.
Feminism was renewed and still stands, because although they are no longer prohibit certain things, that does not mean that today they have live in a world devoid of inequalities between women and men, or that there are no more conflicts to be resolved. Although the new generations of feminists are far away from those suffragettes of the early twentieth century, today, like those and to continue their legacy , they continue to come together to debate, to raise awareness, to reflect, to demand policies, to claim rights and to improve the living conditions of women, demanding transformative actions and challenging the whole society (Catherine I. Bolzedahl and Daniel J. Myers,20014).
As we have mentioned, in ancient time the woman was, throughout her life, the property of a man, her father or both. When the same father gave his hand in marriage, achieving that the females depended totally on the males to be able to survive. The female sex only had obligations in the home imposed by the corresponding husband.
It can be said that being a woman at that time meant being an object of satisfaction for men, which, over time, has been changed. We are aware of the spaces gained in all areas, whether political, social, labor, cultural, religious, and despite the many obstacles and barriers imposed by society clearly dominated by men, women have shown equal status and operation, which is given to them by their quality of being human, which has nothing to do with being a man, of being a woman (Robert A. Pollak, 1994). It could not be affirmed that the woman assumes a single role, since current women are considered totally multifunctional; In addition to the work of mother and wife, as is the case of thousands of women around the world, they act as heads of household and supporters of a family with the fruits of their own work. It is scientifically proven that women use more brain to store and reason information, while the brain space of man for the same purposes is only half (Balazs Szalkai, 2015). In a Way Ibsen Feminist movement in the play tries to make us understand how the women live in a society where they have everything against, and how they with work and union could overcome all this.
At the end of the play we can see how Nora change completely and she can see herself as a woman and not as a kid anymore. We can relate this now, in the actual society how a woman plays a great and important role in the society. It is true that each of the sexes has something particular to contribute in social life. Sometimes we forget life complements and the importance of the both genres. The role that women would assume then in this society would be that of any human being capable of thinking and discerning. However, the main role of women is not so much functional, but that it is essential, primordial and vital for today’s society.