A gothic cathedral can be identified by the pointed arches, slender columns, rippedvaulted ceilings, flying buttresses, rose windows in west door, gargoyles andornamentation.Gothic architecture was recognised in the middle ages Following on from Romanesquearchitecture, Starting in France, around Paris, in 1140 AD, with St Denis. I will be discussingthe technical and aesthetic characteristic of gothic cathedrals and architecture in this essay.Looking at the image above gothic cathedrals were built very tall; this was very problematic.
In these circumstances, in gothic design previously, Early Medieval engineers attempted tospread the heaviness of overwhelming stone walls.The main key was invention of the flying buttresses and pointed arch. This all implied gothicstructures could, truly, scale new statures. It enabled them to reach up to the sky – ideal forgothic cathedrals and churches.The flying buttress is the major outdoor characteristic of gothic architecture. These buttresseswork to support from the side of the building and bring the weight of the tall walls down tothe foundation. They support the structure by conveying the weight directly to the ground.The flying buttress was also decorative.
With help of the flying buttresses these buildingscould let in a tremendous amount of light. This amount of light was impossible without thecombination of relatively thin walls and large stained glass windows, which guaranteed thatBasilica of St Denis: as you can observe the very tall height and elements wedescribed below.Amir Naserithe light that shone through was invocative of heaven itself. Windows are incapable tosupport any real weight on their own, and while the arches that these windows were oftenmounted in could support some weight, more needed to be shifted to the sides. As a result,flying buttresses, which still permitted a large amount of light to entre to the windows andtravel through to the cathedrals.Imagine you press up against a wall to prevent its collapse but leaving enough room to have asmall child walk under. This is how exactly flying buttresses function in order to support thewalls.
Assume the small child is the light that moves into the cathedrals. However, your job isto support the wall due not to crash from the pressure above.Flying buttresses take the force of the wall and convey it to foundation with help of the buttresses as you can see in the image.Amir NaseriA massive change on gothic architecture were the pointed arches.
They took the roman archout instead they introduced the pointed arch. This really help us to identify gothicarchitecture.The pointed arches provided method for opening spaces and maintain strength of the walls.Although they knew about rounded arch but the pointed arch was something they importedfrom the middle east. This can be seen in early Islamic architecture such as the AL AQSAmosque.The facade of the Aqsa Mosque and the arches we described gothic architecture got inspiration from.Hand drawing by me to illustrate the main job of arches.
Amir NaseriThe pointed arch was more efficient at distributing the weight of the walls and the roof. If weconsider that these structures are built primarily brick and stone. manging the weight of thebuilding is so important due to not claps. The pointed arch was key and managing it all.its significance was both practical and decorative.The pointed arch was not just a hard worker element in gothic architecture. Whereas, It hadan aesthetic benefit and exquisiteness which win over many other features of gothic design –most outstandingly the vaulted ceiling.
Especially when these arches were crossed createdripped vault celling. Vaulted selling was the new idea which resulted needing few moreColum. These were used thinner, taller and provided another distinguished characteristic ofgothic architecture. The vaulted ceiling was an improvement which pointed on from theaccomplishments of the pointed arch.vaulted ceilings operated the familiarity of the pointed arch to spread the power andheaviness’ from the upper floors.These solid cares permitted the ceilings to be taller than before. This offered the impressionof height, magnificence and elegance.
Vaulted ceiling from Salisbury CathedralGothic architecture considered up lifting for their time. They are also recognisable because oftheir large wall and stained glass window which allowed light feel open space and create aheavenly environment. With constructing these large walls and glass they had to be creative.The builder of middle ages took inspiration from Europe and near middle east then modifyAmir Naserithem.to reduce the need baring walls and used the bulky columns to build higher ever beenbuilt before. Sadly, enough, these old structures were to be shady, dark and grimy. Theygenerally did not receive any sunlight.
Exploring the new gothic techniques, it pointed out thelight, bright windows and airy interiors, changing cathedrals into more pleasant and majesticspace.You can see the height, light and airy nature of the inside of Cologne CathedraSainte Chapelle Upper Chapel ,up the walls of stained glass ,from the 13th century.Pointed arches, vaulted ceiling and flying buttresses helps with the weight of the buildingtaken off the walls. You Also have an opportunity to fill them with something other thanbrick and mortar resulting in those large windows of stained glasses that help define gothiccathedrals. Another distinguishing trade of gothic architecture is the ornamentation.Gothic architecture was the initial time that attractiveness and aesthetic values had beenunited into building design.
This changed the approach that Medieval society activated to think of buildings. Architecturewas not any more just functional – it started to have quality and meaning in its own right. Itillustrates the final judgment of man and as part of the gothic tradition which biblical andhistorical stories were portrayed in stained glass and sculpture throughout the cathedral. ThisAmir Naseriwas not done just for the decoration. At the time when the most of population was illiterate.These embellishments made history available to everyone.Gothic ornamentationGothic cathedrals would not be complete without gargoyles. On a practical level, there spoutsthat moved rainwater off the roof.
On a spiritual level, they scared people into going tochurch.Amir NaseriGargoyles in most of the gothic architecture looked weirdly scary.Gothic architecture started in France, however the style quickly caught on and became thestandard for cathedrals and churches throughout Europe.
There are some local variations likein England where the design is more horizontal and Italy which embraced more colourfulornamentation. But they all share the same basic design and engineering elements. Gothicarchitecture lasted until the 1500s. around beginning of the renaissance when it was graduallyreplaced. But the gothic style would reappear again at different times and places in history forits association with religion morality.
The term gothic architecture was not used back inmiddle ages when the style first emerged. It was during the renaissance using gun as aderogatory term. Goth is the eastern Germanic people of the medieval Europe. Basically, theywere calling barbaric. An almost magical design when you combine the flying buttresses,pointed arch, slender columns and ribbed vaulting you give the buildings it looked unlikeanything seen before. You have a building that’s no longer supported by walls and it has amore open interior environment.
In conclusion, gothic architecture is heavily built building that impresses everyone whoenters to the space. In my opinion gives a feeling that you are inside a large jungle and all thetrees are over your head. Ripped vaulted ceiling looks like tree twigs and the ornamentationthe animals claiming all over the places. In addition, I believe as in though it was designed tohave heavenly feeling however the tall celling makes you feel scared. As you see yourselfvery small compare to the structure.Amir Naseri