A characteristic of gothic architecture. These buttresses work to

A gothic cathedral can be identified by the pointed arches, slender columns, ripped
vaulted ceilings, flying buttresses, rose windows in west door, gargoyles and
Gothic architecture was recognised in the middle ages Following on from Romanesque
architecture, Starting in France, around Paris, in 1140 AD, with St Denis. I will be discussing
the technical and aesthetic characteristic of gothic cathedrals and architecture in this essay.
Looking at the image above gothic cathedrals were built very tall; this was very problematic.
In these circumstances, in gothic design previously, Early Medieval engineers attempted to
spread the heaviness of overwhelming stone walls.
The main key was invention of the flying buttresses and pointed arch. This all implied gothic
structures could, truly, scale new statures. It enabled them to reach up to the sky – ideal for
gothic cathedrals and churches.
The flying buttress is the major outdoor characteristic of gothic architecture. These buttresses
work to support from the side of the building and bring the weight of the tall walls down to
the foundation. They support the structure by conveying the weight directly to the ground.
The flying buttress was also decorative. With help of the flying buttresses these buildings
could let in a tremendous amount of light. This amount of light was impossible without the
combination of relatively thin walls and large stained glass windows, which guaranteed that
Basilica of St Denis: as you can observe the very tall height and elements we
described below.
Amir Naseri
the light that shone through was invocative of heaven itself. Windows are incapable to
support any real weight on their own, and while the arches that these windows were often
mounted in could support some weight, more needed to be shifted to the sides. As a result,
flying buttresses, which still permitted a large amount of light to entre to the windows and
travel through to the cathedrals.
Imagine you press up against a wall to prevent its collapse but leaving enough room to have a
small child walk under. This is how exactly flying buttresses function in order to support the
walls. Assume the small child is the light that moves into the cathedrals. However, your job is
to support the wall due not to crash from the pressure above.
Flying buttresses take the force of the wall and convey it to foundation with help of the buttresses as you can see in the image.
Amir Naseri
A massive change on gothic architecture were the pointed arches. They took the roman arch
out instead they introduced the pointed arch. This really help us to identify gothic
The pointed arches provided method for opening spaces and maintain strength of the walls.
Although they knew about rounded arch but the pointed arch was something they imported
from the middle east. This can be seen in early Islamic architecture such as the AL AQSA
The facade of the Aqsa Mosque and the arches we described gothic architecture got inspiration from.
Hand drawing by me to illustrate the main job of arches.
Amir Naseri
The pointed arch was more efficient at distributing the weight of the walls and the roof. If we
consider that these structures are built primarily brick and stone. manging the weight of the
building is so important due to not claps. The pointed arch was key and managing it all.
its significance was both practical and decorative.
The pointed arch was not just a hard worker element in gothic architecture. Whereas, It had
an aesthetic benefit and exquisiteness which win over many other features of gothic design –
most outstandingly the vaulted ceiling. Especially when these arches were crossed created
ripped vault celling. Vaulted selling was the new idea which resulted needing few more
Colum. These were used thinner, taller and provided another distinguished characteristic of
gothic architecture. The vaulted ceiling was an improvement which pointed on from the
accomplishments of the pointed arch.
vaulted ceilings operated the familiarity of the pointed arch to spread the power and
heaviness’ from the upper floors.
These solid cares permitted the ceilings to be taller than before. This offered the impression
of height, magnificence and elegance.
Vaulted ceiling from Salisbury Cathedral
Gothic architecture considered up lifting for their time. They are also recognisable because of
their large wall and stained glass window which allowed light feel open space and create a
heavenly environment. With constructing these large walls and glass they had to be creative.
The builder of middle ages took inspiration from Europe and near middle east then modify
Amir Naseri
them.to reduce the need baring walls and used the bulky columns to build higher ever been
built before. Sadly, enough, these old structures were to be shady, dark and grimy. They
generally did not receive any sunlight. Exploring the new gothic techniques, it pointed out the
light, bright windows and airy interiors, changing cathedrals into more pleasant and majestic
You can see the height, light and airy nature of the inside of Cologne Cathedra
Sainte Chapelle Upper Chapel ,up the walls of stained glass ,from the 13th century.
Pointed arches, vaulted ceiling and flying buttresses helps with the weight of the building
taken off the walls. You Also have an opportunity to fill them with something other than
brick and mortar resulting in those large windows of stained glasses that help define gothic
cathedrals. Another distinguishing trade of gothic architecture is the ornamentation.
Gothic architecture was the initial time that attractiveness and aesthetic values had been
united into building design.
This changed the approach that Medieval society activated to think of buildings. Architecture
was not any more just functional – it started to have quality and meaning in its own right. It
illustrates the final judgment of man and as part of the gothic tradition which biblical and
historical stories were portrayed in stained glass and sculpture throughout the cathedral. This
Amir Naseri
was not done just for the decoration. At the time when the most of population was illiterate.
These embellishments made history available to everyone.
Gothic ornamentation
Gothic cathedrals would not be complete without gargoyles. On a practical level, there spouts
that moved rainwater off the roof. On a spiritual level, they scared people into going to
Amir Naseri
Gargoyles in most of the gothic architecture looked weirdly scary.
Gothic architecture started in France, however the style quickly caught on and became the
standard for cathedrals and churches throughout Europe. There are some local variations like
in England where the design is more horizontal and Italy which embraced more colourful
ornamentation. But they all share the same basic design and engineering elements. Gothic
architecture lasted until the 1500s. around beginning of the renaissance when it was gradually
replaced. But the gothic style would reappear again at different times and places in history for
its association with religion morality. The term gothic architecture was not used back in
middle ages when the style first emerged. It was during the renaissance using gun as a
derogatory term. Goth is the eastern Germanic people of the medieval Europe. Basically, they
were calling barbaric. An almost magical design when you combine the flying buttresses,
pointed arch, slender columns and ribbed vaulting you give the buildings it looked unlike
anything seen before. You have a building that’s no longer supported by walls and it has a
more open interior environment.
In conclusion, gothic architecture is heavily built building that impresses everyone who
enters to the space. In my opinion gives a feeling that you are inside a large jungle and all the
trees are over your head. Ripped vaulted ceiling looks like tree twigs and the ornamentation
the animals claiming all over the places. In addition, I believe as in though it was designed to
have heavenly feeling however the tall celling makes you feel scared. As you see yourself
very small compare to the structure.
Amir Naseri