A real-life example of classical conditioning
that I’ve heard about is someone being scared when they see a dog. The unconditioned
stimulant would be someone screaming every time someone sees a dog. The unconditioned
response would be the subject jumping and would be scared when someone
screams because that is just what most people would naturally do to someone
screaming. The conditioned stimulant would be seeing a dog, and the conditioned
response would be to jump and be scared because the subject now associates
seeing a dog with someone screaming. To make this learned relationship extinct
would be to not scream when the subject sees a dog, this will take a while for
the relationship to become fully extinct.