The purpose of this essay is to see
the correlation between personality and leadership. For this essay, three
journals were used for comparison and analysis purpose. The personality data
was taken using Costa and McCrae’s Big Five Model while leadership was
explained through University of IOWA leadership theory. The theory talked about
differences between three leadership styles, that are, autocratic, democratic
and laissez-faire. However, one of the journal also talked about leadership
using transformational and transactional styles theory.
The analysis done further shown the
comparison of the personality domains with the leadership style. The domains
consisted of extraversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness, openness and
agreeableness. These domains helped to criticize and analyze the data in
differentiate each leadership style that every leader have.
According to Larsen and Buss (2005),
personality is a set of psychology traits and
mechanisms that the individual has within which are organized and relatively
enduring. It also influences his or her interactions with, and adaptations to,
the intrapsychic, physical, and social environments. Therefore, for
personality, the data taken by using Costa and McCrae’s Big Five Model which
consists of five main domains. Extraversion is characterized by people with
high energy, have a lot of positive emotions, can be talkativeness, assertiveness,
sociability, and the tendency to seek stimulation in the company of others. The
next domain is neuroticism, people with high neuroticism often characterized by
the tendency to experience unpleasant emotions, such as anger, anxiety,
depression, or vulnerability or in other word, they have an emotional instability.
Meanwhile, people with high conscientiousness can be refers to one’s tendency
toward self-discipline, dutifulness, competence, thoughtfulness, and
achievement-striving. Next is openness which reflects a person’s degree of
intellectual curiosity, creativity, and preference for novelty and variety. Lastly,
agreeableness is the trait measures one’s tendency to be compassionate and
cooperative rather than suspicious and antagonistic towards others.