Manhas relied on plants and plant products for healthy living from the earliestdays, it is still debatable what led man to select plants for food andmedicine. All the plants and plants parts are discovered by trial and error orby observation from various traditional healers around the world (Ojinnaka1985). Medicinal plants are the “spine” of traditional medicine,which implies that more than 3.
3 billion individuals in the less developednations use medicinal plants on a continuous basis (Tsabang N et al., 2016). The folkloristic conceptsof a wide range of medicinal plants have been scientifically proven and haveled to the discovery and development of various drugs to fight against severalinfectious diseases in human life (Lacmata et al.
, 2012). A plant is set to bea medicinal plant, when its biological activity has been ethnobotanically orscientifically reported. Myrianthusarboreus is one of those multipurpose trees with potential biologicalactivity, where every part of this plant is found to have medicinal property tocure human ailments. M.arboreus (P.Beauv)family Utricaceae is a dioecious tree with enormous leaves reaching 70cm indiameter, with 7 to 9 leaflets uo to 50cm long and 25cm across. Commonly knownas the soup tree, young leaves are an ingredient of a very popular soup inSoutheast Nigeria (Alalor et al.
,2017).The sweet pulp around the seed is edible and the young leaves are eaten asvegetables. The leaves, fruit, bark, and sap are parts of the plant used fortraditional medicine (Okafor, 2004). The decoctions of the leaves, roots, andbark are used in Nigeria and in other parts of West, Central and East Africafor the treatment of several sicknesses and diseases including fever, pains,diarrhoea, dysentery, and heart problems. Euscaphic acid, tormentic acid, ursenolicacid, ursolic acid, pentacyclic triterpenoids, myrianthic acid have beenisolated from its bark, roots and stem (Ojinnaka 1985).