4. of sensor with the Arduino digital I/O pin

4.Materials                             Components arebasic building block of every project / robot. To make your robot efficient andto give the desired output the components be chosen wisely. The components ormaterials used in this robot are chosen on the basis of their efficiency andrange.

Here is the list of the following components we have used:                   I.           12V DC Motor.                II.

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           L298N Motor Driver.             III.           Arduino UNO.             IV.           Flame Sensor.               V.

           Smoke Sensor.             VI.           IR Proximity sensor.          VII.           Ultrasonic Sensor.

       VIII.           12V DC Water Pump.             IX.           Servo Motor.4.112V DC Motor:                                                              Fig.12V DC Motor with Shaft  4.

2.L298N Motor Driver:                              The L298 is anincorporated solid circuit in a 15- lead Multiwatt and PowerSO20 bundles. It isa high voltage, high flow double full-connect driver outlined to acknowledgestandard TTL logic levels and drive inductive loads, for example, transfers,solenoids, DC and venturing engines. Two empower inputs are given to empower orhandicap the gadget freely of the information signals. The producers of thelower transistors of each scaffold are associated together and the comparingouter terminal can be utilized for the association of an outer detectingresistor.

An extra supply input is given with the goal that the rationale worksat bring down voltage. Fig.Motor Driver L298N4.3.Arduino UNO:Arduino UNO is amicrocontroller with board based on ATmega328P. It has 6 analog I/O pins and 14digital I/O pins. Out of 14 I/O pins 6 digital I/O pins can be used as PWM.

Ithas 16 MHz quartz crystal. Its operating voltage is 6V – 20V (limited) or 5V –12V (recommended). Fig.Arduino UNO BoardOther Specs are given inthe table below: Table4.

1: Arduino UNO Specs   4.4.Flame Sensor:                                   An IR flamesensor module includes an IR receiver, capacitor, resistor, variable resistor(potentiometer) and LM393. It is able to trace infrared light which rangesbetween 700nm – 1000nm.

This module converts the infrared light into currentchanges. And we can change its sensitivity through Potentiometer (Variableresistor). Its detection angle is 60 degrees.

Fig.Flame sensor (labeling)                                         Flamesensor interface with Arduino is quite simple. First connect the Vcc pin of thesensor with Arduino 5V pin. Second connect the GND pin of sensor with theArduino GND pin. Now finally connect the D0 pin of sensor with the Arduinodigital I/O pin (let it be pin 7) as shown in the fig below. Fig.Flame sensor interference with Arduino4.

5.Smoke Sensor:                              The voltage thatthe sensor outputs changes accordingly to the smoke/gas level that exists inthe atmosphere. The sensor outputs a voltage that is proportional to theconcentration of smoke/gas.In other words, therelationship between voltage and gas concentration is the following:1. The greater the gasconcentration, the greater the output voltage2. The lower the gasconcentration, the lower the output voltage Fig.

Working Mechanism of MQ – 2 Sensor4.6.IR Proximity Sensor: Fig.IR Proximity Sensor                                  Fig.

Working of IR proximity Sensor    4.7.Ultrasonic Sensor: Fig.Ultrasonic Sensor                        It is a module thatmeasure the gap between the sensor and the object with the help of sound wave.

It measures the gap by sending out a sound wave at a specific frequency andwait until the sound wave bounce back. Now it will record the elapsed time betweenthe generated sound wave and the bounce back of the sound wave. Then it willcalculate the gap between the object and sensor. Equation is given below: Fig.Working Mechanism of Ultrasonic Sensor4.8.12V DC Water Pump:                                  It Operateson DC 12V and 1.

1A. Its power is 20 Watt. It has a capacity of throwing 10L/minwith a height of 5m (16ft). It has following features:v  Highefficiency.v  LowConsumption.v  LowNoise (< 38dB).v  Workinglife (approx.

40,000 hours).v  Stator and circuit boardsealed by epoxy resin.v  Permanent magnetic rotor.

v  Brusless. Fig.12V DC Water Pump 4.9.Servo Motor:                        Tiny and lightweightwith high output power. Servo can rotate approximately 180 degrees (90 in eachdirection), and works just like the standard kinds but smaller. You can use anyservo code, hardware or library to control these servos. Good for beginners whowant to make stuff move without building a motor controller with feedback &gear box, especially since it will fit in small places.

It comes with a 3 horns(arms) and hardware. Fig.Mini Servo Motor (Sg90) Table4.2 Specs of Servo Motor Fig.

Dimensions of Servo MotorThe Working mechanism ofthe Servo Motor can be observed from the fig below: Fig.Working Mechanism of Mini Servo Motor4.Materials                             Components arebasic building block of every project / robot. To make your robot efficient andto give the desired output the components be chosen wisely. The components ormaterials used in this robot are chosen on the basis of their efficiency andrange. Here is the list of the following components we have used:                   I.

           12V DC Motor.                II.           L298N Motor Driver.             III.           Arduino UNO.             IV.           Flame Sensor.               V.

           Smoke Sensor.             VI.           IR Proximity sensor.          VII.           Ultrasonic Sensor.       VIII.           12V DC Water Pump.             IX.

           Servo Motor.4.112V DC Motor:                                                              Fig.12V DC Motor with Shaft  4.2.L298N Motor Driver:                              The L298 is anincorporated solid circuit in a 15- lead Multiwatt and PowerSO20 bundles. It isa high voltage, high flow double full-connect driver outlined to acknowledgestandard TTL logic levels and drive inductive loads, for example, transfers,solenoids, DC and venturing engines. Two empower inputs are given to empower orhandicap the gadget freely of the information signals.

The producers of thelower transistors of each scaffold are associated together and the comparingouter terminal can be utilized for the association of an outer detectingresistor. An extra supply input is given with the goal that the rationale worksat bring down voltage. Fig.

Motor Driver L298N4.3.Arduino UNO:Arduino UNO is amicrocontroller with board based on ATmega328P.

It has 6 analog I/O pins and 14digital I/O pins. Out of 14 I/O pins 6 digital I/O pins can be used as PWM. Ithas 16 MHz quartz crystal. Its operating voltage is 6V – 20V (limited) or 5V –12V (recommended).

Fig.Arduino UNO BoardOther Specs are given inthe table below: Table4.1: Arduino UNO Specs   4.

4.Flame Sensor:                                   An IR flamesensor module includes an IR receiver, capacitor, resistor, variable resistor(potentiometer) and LM393. It is able to trace infrared light which rangesbetween 700nm – 1000nm. This module converts the infrared light into currentchanges.

And we can change its sensitivity through Potentiometer (Variableresistor). Its detection angle is 60 degrees. Fig.Flame sensor (labeling)                                         Flamesensor interface with Arduino is quite simple. First connect the Vcc pin of thesensor with Arduino 5V pin. Second connect the GND pin of sensor with theArduino GND pin. Now finally connect the D0 pin of sensor with the Arduinodigital I/O pin (let it be pin 7) as shown in the fig below. Fig.

Flame sensor interference with Arduino4.5.Smoke Sensor:                              The voltage thatthe sensor outputs changes accordingly to the smoke/gas level that exists inthe atmosphere. The sensor outputs a voltage that is proportional to theconcentration of smoke/gas.In other words, therelationship between voltage and gas concentration is the following:1. The greater the gasconcentration, the greater the output voltage2. The lower the gasconcentration, the lower the output voltage Fig.

Working Mechanism of MQ – 2 Sensor4.6.IR Proximity Sensor: Fig.IR Proximity Sensor                                  Fig.

Working of IR proximity Sensor    4.7.Ultrasonic Sensor: Fig.

Ultrasonic Sensor                        It is a module thatmeasure the gap between the sensor and the object with the help of sound wave.It measures the gap by sending out a sound wave at a specific frequency andwait until the sound wave bounce back. Now it will record the elapsed time betweenthe generated sound wave and the bounce back of the sound wave. Then it willcalculate the gap between the object and sensor. Equation is given below: Fig.Working Mechanism of Ultrasonic Sensor4.

8.12V DC Water Pump:                                  It Operateson DC 12V and 1.1A. Its power is 20 Watt. It has a capacity of throwing 10L/minwith a height of 5m (16ft). It has following features:v  Highefficiency.

v  LowConsumption.v  LowNoise (< 38dB).v  Workinglife (approx. 40,000 hours).v  Stator and circuit boardsealed by epoxy resin.

v  Permanent magnetic rotor.v  Brusless. Fig.12V DC Water Pump 4.9.

Servo Motor:                        Tiny and lightweightwith high output power. Servo can rotate approximately 180 degrees (90 in eachdirection), and works just like the standard kinds but smaller. You can use anyservo code, hardware or library to control these servos. Good for beginners whowant to make stuff move without building a motor controller with feedback &gear box, especially since it will fit in small places. It comes with a 3 horns(arms) and hardware. Fig.

Mini Servo Motor (Sg90) Table4.2 Specs of Servo Motor Fig.Dimensions of Servo MotorThe Working mechanism ofthe Servo Motor can be observed from the fig below: Fig.Working Mechanism of Mini Servo Motor4.Materials                             Components arebasic building block of every project / robot. To make your robot efficient andto give the desired output the components be chosen wisely. The components ormaterials used in this robot are chosen on the basis of their efficiency andrange.

Here is the list of the following components we have used:                   I.           12V DC Motor.                II.

           L298N Motor Driver.             III.           Arduino UNO.             IV.           Flame Sensor.               V.           Smoke Sensor.

             VI.           IR Proximity sensor.          VII.           Ultrasonic Sensor.       VIII.

           12V DC Water Pump.             IX.           Servo Motor.4.112V DC Motor:                                                              Fig.

12V DC Motor with Shaft  4.2.L298N Motor Driver:                              The L298 is anincorporated solid circuit in a 15- lead Multiwatt and PowerSO20 bundles.

It isa high voltage, high flow double full-connect driver outlined to acknowledgestandard TTL logic levels and drive inductive loads, for example, transfers,solenoids, DC and venturing engines. Two empower inputs are given to empower orhandicap the gadget freely of the information signals. The producers of thelower transistors of each scaffold are associated together and the comparingouter terminal can be utilized for the association of an outer detectingresistor. An extra supply input is given with the goal that the rationale worksat bring down voltage. Fig.Motor Driver L298N4.3.

Arduino UNO:Arduino UNO is amicrocontroller with board based on ATmega328P. It has 6 analog I/O pins and 14digital I/O pins. Out of 14 I/O pins 6 digital I/O pins can be used as PWM.

Ithas 16 MHz quartz crystal. Its operating voltage is 6V – 20V (limited) or 5V –12V (recommended). Fig.Arduino UNO BoardOther Specs are given inthe table below: Table4.1: Arduino UNO Specs   4.4.

Flame Sensor:                                   An IR flamesensor module includes an IR receiver, capacitor, resistor, variable resistor(potentiometer) and LM393. It is able to trace infrared light which rangesbetween 700nm – 1000nm. This module converts the infrared light into currentchanges. And we can change its sensitivity through Potentiometer (Variableresistor). Its detection angle is 60 degrees.

Fig.Flame sensor (labeling)                                         Flamesensor interface with Arduino is quite simple. First connect the Vcc pin of thesensor with Arduino 5V pin. Second connect the GND pin of sensor with theArduino GND pin. Now finally connect the D0 pin of sensor with the Arduinodigital I/O pin (let it be pin 7) as shown in the fig below.

Fig.Flame sensor interference with Arduino4.5.Smoke Sensor:                              The voltage thatthe sensor outputs changes accordingly to the smoke/gas level that exists inthe atmosphere. The sensor outputs a voltage that is proportional to theconcentration of smoke/gas.

In other words, therelationship between voltage and gas concentration is the following:1. The greater the gasconcentration, the greater the output voltage2. The lower the gasconcentration, the lower the output voltage Fig.Working Mechanism of MQ – 2 Sensor4.

6.IR Proximity Sensor: Fig.IR Proximity Sensor                                  Fig.Working of IR proximity Sensor    4.7.Ultrasonic Sensor: Fig.

Ultrasonic Sensor                        It is a module thatmeasure the gap between the sensor and the object with the help of sound wave.It measures the gap by sending out a sound wave at a specific frequency andwait until the sound wave bounce back. Now it will record the elapsed time betweenthe generated sound wave and the bounce back of the sound wave. Then it willcalculate the gap between the object and sensor. Equation is given below: Fig.Working Mechanism of Ultrasonic Sensor4.8.

12V DC Water Pump:                                  It Operateson DC 12V and 1.1A. Its power is 20 Watt. It has a capacity of throwing 10L/minwith a height of 5m (16ft). It has following features:v  Highefficiency.v  LowConsumption.v  LowNoise (< 38dB).v  Workinglife (approx.

40,000 hours).v  Stator and circuit boardsealed by epoxy resin.v  Permanent magnetic rotor.v  Brusless. Fig.

12V DC Water Pump 4.9.Servo Motor:                        Tiny and lightweightwith high output power. Servo can rotate approximately 180 degrees (90 in eachdirection), and works just like the standard kinds but smaller. You can use anyservo code, hardware or library to control these servos.

Good for beginners whowant to make stuff move without building a motor controller with feedback &gear box, especially since it will fit in small places. It comes with a 3 horns(arms) and hardware. Fig.Mini Servo Motor (Sg90) Table4.2 Specs of Servo Motor Fig.Dimensions of Servo MotorThe Working mechanism ofthe Servo Motor can be observed from the fig below: Fig.Working Mechanism of Mini Servo Motor