For an identical twin, they will have the same geneticmaterial nature, but living in a different environment the nurture will causethem to have a different personality. For example, if the identical twin wasseparated when they were young, one living in a nice chill neighborhood and theother one lives in those ghetto areas. In this case, their characteristic willstill be the same because that is what they inherited to their DNA. These twoenvironments will shape their personality and the way of life, the one in thegood environment might get a better education and have a better life. Then theone live in the bad environment might not have much education and their lifemight be tough. 2. Self is what we think we are.
Cooley explains the”looking glass self” is what we see our self in other people’s eye, and developwho we are based on that. Cooley’s three phases of self: we consider how do welook in other’s eye, define our “self” based on how people react tous, and then we develop our sense of self. Mead identify Me is our interactionwith others in the society, and I is our opinion to the societies opinion. Thesignificant others are the people are close to us that will bring the goodenvironment to us, and we can learn from them to create our own self. Meadidentifies three-stage: preparatory stage, play stage, and the game stage.
Thepreparatory stage is when we are young, we will copy the people that weinteract with. The play stage is a child will take a role of another person,like doing stuff that their parent does. The game stage is the child startthink of serval role interact with each other. 3. The dramaturgical approach is mean our life is like amovie, everyone is the actor in this movie. Goffman believes when we born weare on the stage of everyday life already, and there are a front-stage and abackstage. Front-stage is the most part of our life, where we will interactwith people like a classroom, family reunion. The backstage is the time that wereally are us and is private, like when you at home.
The impression managementdepends on the different occasion we will behave and react differently to fitinto that environment. 4. Family, school, peer, religion, workplace, and the massmedia, etc., are some of the agents of the socialization. In school, we goteducated and learn the difference between gender, what is a male or a female issupposed to do.
Technology is a powerful tool to help people withsocialization. We can learn almost everything online now. We can see how peopletalk now by communication with each other through text. We can see what peoplewear now by shopping online or watching variety show. 5.
Total institutions are one of the institutions ofresocialization that where people are isolated and force them to follow someoneelse’s rule. The four traits of total institutions: most parts of their lifehappened at the same place and is control by a single group, any event isconducted by the institution under the same circumstance, the authorities willplan out schedule and plan without asking the participant, all of the life oftotal institution is for certain goal to the organization. The degradationceremony is one give up their old identity and giving a new identity. Like anelder going to the senior care, they have to leave everything behind to live inthe senior care center to have a different life as before.
6. The society treats the elderly population in a good andbad way. Good is there are so many benefits when you get old. The bad is theykind of got push out of the society, there is not much place will hire olderpeople, they all want young people that can work. Disengagement theory is asaying that is inevitable that the older people got left behind the society.
The activity theory is the older stay mentally healthy and stays active to makethemselves happy. A solution to ageism can think about when you get old, do youwant someone treat you bad. Be nice and kind to the elder, talk to them andhave fun with them too. Treat them like how you want to be treated when you getold.