1. Reviewthe “Significant Contributors to the Tradition” section of the chapter and theprinciples of official Catholic social teaching. Which principles seem morereflected on the lives of these people? Why might this be the case?The first principle that seems morereflected on the lives of these people is “optionfor the poor and vulnerable.” Most of them helped the poor and vulnerable byestablishing social programs, feed and clothe the hungry. They assisted thosewho are most vulnerable to strengthen the community by putting the needs ofthem first. For example, St. Louise de Marillac, St. Vincent de Paul, and St.
Teresa of Calcutta helped the poor and vulnerable by providing the assistancethey need. The second principle that seems morereflected on the lives of these people is “rightsand responsibilities.” Life and dignity of the human person is thefoundation of principles in Catholic social teaching. Human dignity can beprotected if only human rights and responsibilities are protected. Therefore,these people aimed to bring things required for human decency especially forthe weak and vulnerable. For example, Dom Hélder Câmara challenged theauthorities on social issues and promoted human rights. 2. Researchone of the “Significant Contributors to the Tradition” and discuss how sheresponds to the “signs of times” of her context in conversation with thebroader tradition of Catholic social thought.
St. Louise de Marillac (1591 – 1660) cofounded theDaughters of Charity with St. Vincent de Paul. She was born into a wealthyfamily but she felt a call to religious life and wanted to provide service tothe poor. Louise, together with Vincent de Paul, founded hospitals, orphanages,and schools all over France.
Louise helped people in need and encouraged womento nurse the sick and aging and help the poor and imprisoned. Louise andVincent de Paul established an organization, Daughters of Charity, in work forthe poor and provided systematic training of the women. Catholic socialteaching is not just principles alone but with heart and integration. She respondedthe poor and vulnerable with the actof love and the work of mercy. She also worked with young women to care forthose in need and trained them to carry out their mission of service. 3. Reviewthe principles of Catholic social teaching in relation to the various forms ofmoral reasons.The principles of Catholic social teachingare considered as guidelines for actions and the various forms of moral reasonshelp justify the principles of Catholic social teaching.
Catholic socialthought addresses to multiple audiences and therefore requires several types ofjustifications as everyone has different beliefs. The moral methodology aims toappeal to a common ground among all reasonable people. The types of justificationsinclude theological, biblical, tradition of the Catholic Church, philosophical,common human experience and pragmatic. Each one of them appeals to differentaudiences including members and nonmembers.
Biblical or theological wouldappeal to Christians because passages from the Bible are quoted. Traditionjustification would appeal to Catholics because important theologians arequoted. Philosophical uses reason to appeal to the intellectual capacity ofpersons of all religious backgrounds. Experiential justification is based oncommon human experiences and this would appeal to all persons of good will. Pragmatic justification is used to appeal topeople’s common sense, no matter what their religious traditions are. 4.
Reviewthe varieties of forms of moral discourse. Give an example for each. Discussthe relationship among the four.
Link them to the principles. Identify one, ormore, that you feel drawn toward.Narrative is the basic form of moraldiscourse. Bible stories are a form of narrative moral discourse. Stories caninfluence people’s behaviors and open up new perspectives. Prophetic moraldiscourse can be found in the book of Isaiah.
Philosophers and theologians useethical moral discourse to write about morality as it appeals to people’sintellectual capacity. It discusses moral issues by giving reasons for moralpositions. Policy is the final form of moral discourse. For example, the governmentuses policies to tackle certain issues.The principles of Catholic socialteaching can be told in four different ways – narrative, prophetic, ethical andpolicy. Narrative and prophetic appeal to our emotive aspect whereas ethical offersjustifications for ideas.
Policy is then used to turn ideas into actions. Allfour forms of moral discourse work hand-in-hand in communicating the principlesand morality to the public for them to care and act. I am more drawn towards narrativemoral discourse. Storytelling is a powerful tool in conveying a message. Storiescan encourage and inspire the audience because when people hear a story, theywill try to relate it to their personal experiences. 5. Reviewthe six “methodological guidelines” from biblical morality listed in theConclusion: convergence, contrast, advance, social dimension, finality, anddiscernment.
Note how each has played a role in your sense of morality.a. ConvergenceIn this diverse country, it is important for us torespect other cultures so that there’s peace. Ever since I was a child, I wastold to respect others no matter where they are from as it is not acceptable todiscriminate anyone that has different beliefs. b.
ContrastWe should always recognize the incompatible valuesthat go against faith and human dignity. For example, I would never threatensomeone else’s life because that is an act incompatible with human dignity. c. AdvanceAdvance acknowledges the evolution of moral positions withinthe Bible and in history. We should be open to education and the development ofour consciences. Society is changing rapidly and therefore I believe that it isimportant for us to be flexible in adapting to the development of ourconsciences. d.
SocialdimensionSocial dimension aims to reconcile the rights andlongings of human. Instead of focusing on myself, I feel like it is more importantto care about others because love is what needed in our society. e. FinalityFinality is motivated by the hope of an absolutefuture. I believe that beingpositive and motivated about the future is important in human life. f.
DiscernmentDiscernment involves careful determination, thoughtfulreflection on difficult problems and interpreting the principles andmethodology. Every time I have a problem, I evaluate the situation and try tocome up with a decision based on principles. Then, I’ll decide what should bedone to solve the problem.