1. Bipolar disorder iswhen there an unstable emotional condition that depicts abnormal cycles ofconsistent high mood, mania and low mood, depression. The phase of mania is portrayedas having an elevated mood, not needing sleep, talkative, carless behavior,racing thoughts, and the possibility of hallucinating and/or having delusionsfor at least a week. The beginning of this phase, my friend might be extremelyproductive and creative and when this phase progresses, my she may startengaging in risky behavior like wild shopping sprees, delusional behavior, andsexual indiscretions.
Then when the depressive phase comes along it can’t bedistinguished from major depression. My friend will develop a depressed moodthat’s severe along with feeling worthless and losing pleasure in things. Thismay also include her staying in bed for most of the time. Rapid cycling bipolardisorder happens when there at four mood episodes at least which can either bemanic or depressive every year.
This happens in about ten percent in all casesof bipolar disorder. Women and men experience bipolar disorder equally, butrapid cycling is experienced more in women. This disorder sometimes isprecipitated by different kinds of antidepressant drugs. In this case, myfriend’s doctor may need to reevaluate her medication.
There is a possibilitythat bipolar depression is polygenic which is rising from the action of a lotof genes in an interactive or additive way. The highest rate of heritability isbipolar disorder including a concordance that is between forty and seventypercent for twins that are identical. In conclusion, it seems that someone inmy friend’s family has this disorder. 2. (Schizoid) Glinda is a very lonely person and doesn’t have anyfriends. However, she isn’t bothered by this and prefers to be alone.
However,she doesn’t have any sense of humor and has poor social skills. (Paranoid) Joey usually believes thathis friends are always talking about him behind his back. Therefore, he isalways challenging their loyalties. During this week, he was convinced that oneof his best friends was seducing his girlfriend and this is because he doesn’thave trust in his girlfriend. He treats her in a cold way and yet has jealousy.(Antisocial) Rebecca is con artistwho marries older men who are very wealthy and clears them out of their livesavings.
She has no sense of guilt and only cares about herself without beingempathetic towards anyone else. (Histrionic)Mary thinks that she is the center of everyone else’s attention. She livesher life like she’s on stage. She is very dramatic, over exaggerates herillness, dresses in a provocative way, and is very flirtatious. People that arearound her consider her to be somewhat fake and emotionally shallow. (Avoidant) Amy tends to have a highdegree of social anxiety.
Even though she desires social acceptance, sheusually steers away from it because she is afraid of being criticized andrejected by the group. People who know her think she is introverted. However,when she around her best friends, she is very friendly and sociable because shefeels comfortable around them.
3. This model shows that a person might be predisposed for adisorder that’s psychological and remains unexpressed till its triggered bystress. People with low incomes, living in big cities, trapped in unpredictableenvironments, or recently went through a huge life change are at a high risk ofgetting a generalized anxiety disorder.
These stressful environments can be atrigger for an anxiety disorder, but there is a small amount of people who gothrough these types of stressors and develop what is called geneticvulnerability. Adopted children that are raised in very disturbed families havea high risk of getting schizophrenia and this is only if one of their biologicalparents had schizophrenia. They also have a genetic susceptibility for thiscondition that is triggered by an environment that is stressful. Children whodon’t have this susceptibility aren’t more likely to get schizophrenia underthese situations.
Positive and negative subtypes help create a clearerdefinition of schizophrenia. For example, negative subtypes are marked by lossor disruptions to emotions and behavior that are normal. This can includesocial and emotional withdraw, lack of ability to focus attention, apathy, andpoverty of speech.
On the other hand, positive subtypes are seen as additionsto normal behavior like disorganized speech and behavior, hallucinations, anddelusions.