1- most Ugandans are completely reliant on natural resources to survive but they use up to 6000 hectares of forest a day and are depleting these resources they depend on.
Already 28 districts have lost their entire forest ecosystem with absolutely nothing to spare while another 19 districts have forest cover lower than 1% which continues to decrease every day. As forests give way to agricultural land, the soil is exposed to erosion and loses its fertility making farming harder to maintain at the pace they need to be at in order to feed everyone. This extreme deforestation is also causing severe habitat loss which means that their already endangered species such as the mountain gorilla find themselves increasingly at risk from poachers. As the amount of healthy useful land decreases the more conflict arises, neighborhood families are scrambling and struggling for a rich land space to fit their family’s members, causing land conflict between other families. The youths are beginning to realize the value of money and tend to sell their families land to others because of their greed. This is leaving people without homes or causing people to get up and move creating nucleated, clustered dense populations in some areas near what’s left of the forest and healthy soil and a scattered, vacant population in the area of seemingly useless resources.
This is all because the Ugandans just simply aren’t wise with their forests, they are not being sustainable enough and aren’t thinking of the future and current consequences that are effects their population and settlement options. 2- Dirty contaminated water is another issue in Uganda. It all began with the infestation of the tsetse flies; tsetse flies are a type of blood-sucking fly that transmit sleeping sickness or a similar disease call nagana in domestic animals. Many attempts to get rid of these flies has resulted in the use of hazardous chemicals that have begun to seep into the water. The nation’s water supply is also threatened by toxic industrial pollutants; mercury from mining activity is also found in the water supplies. 75% of diseases in Uganda are caused by the lack of clean water and poor sanitation, because of this most kids and adults alike are extremely dehydrated.
Uganda has a very large death rate compared to these other countries and the majority of deaths are because of the water quality. This affects Uganda’s population slightly but not drastically because of their large population of 41.49 million people.